10:00 AM - 10:15 AM
[HQR15-05] Reexamination of the eruptive age of Late Pleistocene widespread DKP tephra by using MD01-2421 core collected off the Kashima-Pacific coast, Japan
Keywords:Widespread tephra, Late Pleistocene, DKP, marine tephra
Hakone-Tokyo Tephra (Hk-TP) is crucial tephra for determination of the eruptive age of DKP because it is positioning immediately above DKP. However, characteristic properties for the identification of DKP in volcanic soil deposits just above Hk-TP are insufficient, and the age of Hk-TP have been estimated to be older (e.g. 66.0±5.5 ka: Aoki et al., 2008) than previous studies.
In this study, we detected fine white pumice clasts (0.2 mm in diameter) with characteristic properties similar to those of DKP at a depth of 2018.20–2020.45 cm (93.45 cm above Hk-TP). Refractive indices of volcanic glass shards is 1.508-1.514, and major element composition (wt.%; mean and standard deviation for 15 measurements) in those is SiO2: 73.57 (0.34), Al2O3: 14.74 (0.14)，FeO: 1.90 (0.12)，CaO: 2.12 (0.05), K2O: 2.55 (0.09), Na2O: 4.13 (0.34). These features are quite similar to those of well preserve DKP tephras in terrestrial sediments collected in Toyama and Fukushima Prefectures. Stratigraphic position where these pumice clasts were detected is dated at 60.08±5.68 ka (MIS 4.0–4.22) due to oxygen isotope stratigraphies shown by Oba et al. (2006) and Martinson et al. (1987).