12:00 PM - 12:15 PM
[HRE20-05] Simulation study on trapping processes of CO2 at Nagaoka pilot project
Keywords:Reservoir Simulation, CO2 trapping, Nagaoka, Parallel Computation, TOUGH2
In this study, a three-dimensional reservoir model with sub-meter spatial resolution has been developed with comprehensively involving coupled process of two-phase fluid flow and geochemical transport. The model was history-matched against a set of monitoring data acquired during the post-injection period including pressure, well loggings, and fluid samplings. The calibration of a large model is computationally demanding, hence we newly developed a parallel version of coupled fluid flow and geochemistry TOUGHREACT V2.0/ECO2N with MPI parallelism, in-house. The new code also features hysteretic effect in relative permeability and capillarity which was not implemented in the original TOUGHREACT V2.0.
The detailed 3D history matching study reproduced the observed distribution of CO2 saturation at sub-meter scale over time. From the lessons learnt through the history matching study, the following insights into the trapping processes of CO2 at the project have been obtained.
- During the injection, free CO2 migrated preferentially through higher permeable layers. The uneven arrival times of CO2 to the well-depths are well explained by, and consistent with the non-uniform permeability distribution measured at wells.
- Pressure-driven-flow during the injection squeezed the formation water out of the reservoir, and consequently resulted in hydrodynamic dispersion of dissolved CO2 into over- and under-lying lower permeable layers. This behavior is highly consistent with the resistivity changes observed by well loggings.
- In the post-injection period, negligible vertical migration of free CO2 suggests that even a thin, intra-reservoir muddy-layer behaves like an impermeable flow barrier to trap CO2, by a combined effect of lower vertical permeability and high capillarity to prevent the invasion of CO2.