Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-RE Resource and Engineering Geology

[H-RE20] CCUS (Carbon Dioxide Capture, Utilization, and Storage) for Climate Mitigation

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomochika Tokunaga(Department of Environment Systems, University of Tokyo), Ziqiu Xue(Research Institute of Innovative Tech for the Earth), Masao Sorai(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[HRE20-P04] Application of Sequentially Discounting AR Learning (SDAR) Algorithm to Real-time Event Detection

*Makiko Takagishi1, Tetsuma Toshioka1, Akira Narita2, Nobuhiro Furuse2, Ziqiu Xue1 (1.Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth, 2.MITSUBISHI SPACE SOFTWARE CO., LTD.)

Keywords:CO2 Geological Storage, Sequentially Discounting AR Learning (SDAR), Real-time Event Detection, Microseismic Monitoring

Microseismic monitoring is one of the most variable monitoring techniques at the CO2 injection site to demonstrate safe CO2 injection operation to stakeholders. Microseismic monitoring has been conducted at major CO2 injection sites. Real-time and accurate detection of seismic events from huge recorded data enables reliable event locations. The seismic events include microseismicity induced by CO2 injection and natural earthquakes.
Real-time signal detection methods have been studied with the development of the seismic monitoring. For example, the detection method using thresholds of amplitudes, STA/LTA method (Coppens, 1985), the detection method by combination use of AR model and Akaike Information Criterion (Yokota et al., 1981) have commonly used to detect seismic events. These methods are very effective for seismic events with good S/N ratios and are used to detect natural earthquakes. On the other hand, microseismic events induced by CO2 injection usually have small magnitudes around M0 or less than M0. At offshore CO2 injection sites, the data recorded by the seismometers deployed on the seabed usually have high noise levels, therefore the event detection method which are robust to noise are highly required.
Recently, we have been developing a new event detection method using Sequentially Discounting AR Learning (SDAR) algorithm, which can eliminate unwanted noise properly and can detect seismic events with small magnitudes in a real-time basis. The SDAR algorithm expresses non-stationary time-series data with AR model in a short period of time. The algorithm renews the short-term AR model corresponding to the new data over discounting the old data. Therefore, this method can detect rapid changes of time-series data in a real-time basis without giving information in advance. The algorithm was originally developed in information and communication fields and have been used to detect unauthorized or break-in access (Takeuchi and Yamagishi, 2006).
At the meeting, we will introduce our real-time seismic event detection method using SDAR algorithm.
Coppens, F., (1985) : First arrival picking on common-offset trace collections for automatic estimation of static correction: Geophysical Prospecting 33, 1212-1231.
Takeuchi, J., and Yamanishi, K.(2006) : A Unifying Framework for Detecting Outliers and Change Points from Non-Stationary Time Series Data, IEEE Trans. on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 18(4), 482-492.
Yokota, T., Zhou S., Mizoue, M., Nakamura, I. (1981): An Automatic Measurement of Arrival Time of Seismic Eaves and Its Application to an On-line Processing System, Bulletin of Earthquake Research Institute, 55, 449-484. (In Japanese with English abstract)
This work was funded by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI), Japan under the contract research of ‘’Development of Safety Assessment Technology for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage’’.