Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

International Session (Oral)

Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-SC Social Earth Sciences & Civil/Urban System Sciences

[H-SC02] Coupled Human-Water Dynamics across Scales: Observations, Understanding, Modeling, and * Management

Wed. May 25, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 301B (3F)

Convener:*Taikan Oki(Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo), Naota Hanasaki(National Institute for Environmental Studies), Murugesu Sivapalan(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), Giuliano Di Baldassarre(Uppsala University), Chair:Naota Hanasaki(National Institute for Environmental Studies)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[HSC02-05] High-resolution modeling of human and climate impacts on global water resources

*Yoshihide Wada1,2,3,4 (1.Utrecht University, 2.NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies, 3.Columbia University, 4.International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis)

Keywords:Global water resources, Human impacts, Climate variability, Groundwater dynamics, High-resolution modeling

The number of global hydrological models (GHMs) have been developed in recent decades in order to understand the impacts of climate variability and human activities on water resources availability. The spatial resolution of GHMs is mostly constrained at a 0.5o by 0.5o grid (~50km by ~50km at the equator). However, for many of the water-related problems facing society, the current spatial scale of GHMs is insufficient to provide locally relevant information. Here, using the PCR-GLOBWB model we present for the first time the analysis of human and climate impacts on global water resources at a 0.1o by 0.1o grid (~10km by ~10km at the equator) in order to depict more precisely regional variability in water availability and use. Most model input data (topography, vegetation, soil properties, routing, human water use) have been parameterized at a 0.1o global grid and feature a distinctively higher resolution. Distinct from many other GHMs, PCR-GLOBWB includes groundwater representation and simulates groundwater heads and lateral groundwater flows based on MODFLOW with existing geohydrological information. This study shows that global hydrological simulations at higher spatial resolutions are feasible for multi-decadal to century periods.