5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[HTT09-P02] Evaluation of Erosion Rates on a Global Scale
Keywords:Erosion Rates , Sediment Yield, Basin Morphometry, GIS
Although erosion rates and sediment yield on a global scale have been studied in relation to topographic conditions, due to lack of available data in the past, the analysis was relatively basic. Thanks to abundant newly obtained erosion rates data, combined with new high resolution DEM data, a more complete and comprehensive analysis can be made, and correlation of erosion rates with factors such as basin morphometry, climate or tectonic plate boundaries is possible.
This study is based on previously obtained and published erosion rate data and sediment yield measurements published by the U.S. Geological Survey. It uses the ASTR GDEM, a 30-m DEM, and ArcGIS in order to analyze the relationship between basin morphometry and erosion rates. In addition, tectonic plate data published by Nordpil based on Bird (2003), and the WorldClim, global climate data based on Hijmans et al. (2005), are used in order to examine any correlation between erosion rates and tectonic plate boundaries, and erosion rates and climate.
Preliminary results show that: 1) Erosion rates are positively correlated to basin relief and mean slope; 2) they are also positively correlated to the precipitation amount and range; and 3) they are negatively correlated to distance to tectonic plate boundary.