5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[HTT09-P09] Evaluating Walkability through Neighborhood Environment: A Case Study in Tokyo Metropolitan Area
Keywords:neighborhood environment, people flow, Tokyo Metropolitan Area, utilitarian walking, walkability
For evaluation of utilitarian walkability, five factors (residential density, road accessibility, land use diversity, bus stops density, and railway station accessibility) are selected and GIS methods are adopted for collecting and analyzing the data. For accomplishing Multi-criteria Evaluation (MCE), Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) analysis is employed to determine the weights of each factor. Subsequently, the final walkability map is established by raster calculation of all the factors based on assigned weights. With the utilitarian walkability map of TMA, the spatial patterns of utilitarian walkability are detected and summarized. Further, two neighborhoods with different utilitarian walkability are selected for the detailed analysis and comparison. The key points of this step are the separation of walking behavior happened within and without the neighborhood, together with the combination of social-economical attributes of residents and physical attributes of the neighborhood environment. With the findings from this study, characteristics of utilitarian walkability in TMA can be better understood. Advices on building a more walkable neighborhood can be concluded.