Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT21] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 101A (1F)

Convener:*Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Chair:Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities)

11:45 AM - 12:00 PM

[HTT21-05] Application of Multiple-indicator to groundwater flow and chemistry study in the alluvial fan

★Invited papers

*Yumi Yoshioka1, Kimihito Nakamura2, Nakano Takanori3, Haruhiko Horino4, Ki-Cheol Shin3 (1.Tottori University, 2.Kyoto University, 3.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 4.Osaka Prefecture University)

Keywords:Strontium isotope, Paddy field, Groundwater-river interaction

The Tedori River Alluvial fan between the Tedori and Sai Rivers in central Japan contains abundant groundwater resource and it supplies the region drinking and industrial water. The paddy and crop-rotated paddy fields occupy 45% of its total area (140km2). To maintain sustainable groundwater use and prevent groundwater contamination, it is necessary to investigate the flow paths and sources of the groundwater. In this study, 83 water samples mainly from shallow groundwater, river water, and paddy water, were collected in the alluvial fan during the paddy irrigation period. We analyzed stable isotope ratios of H, O, and Sr and concentrations of major dissolved ions and trace elements.
The δ2H and δ18O values in the shallow groundwater are relatively low along the Tedori River and increased with the distance from the river; this trend would be caused by dilution effect by the river water. However, there is little contribution of the paddy water with high values reflecting the influences of the evaporation effect. Concentrations of Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, HCO3-, and SO42- in the groundwater have a similar distribution trend: lower along the Tedori River and higher in the central area of the fan where paddies are relatively widespread. The 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the groundwater are related to near-surface geology. The groundwater in sediment from the Tedori River has relatively high 87Sr/86Sr ratios, whereas that from the Sai River in the north of the fan has low 87Sr/86Sr ratios. The river water of the Tedori River is also high ratio reflecting sediments in the upper river basin. The three stable isotopes indicate that the groundwater in the central and southern fans is recharged from the Tedori River, whereas recharge in the north is from the Sai River.
There are linear relationships between 87Sr/86Sr ratio and the reciprocal concentrations of Sr2+, Mg2+, and Ca2+. These geochemical characteristics suggest that groundwater recharged from the Tedori River flows towards the central fan and then runs off the sea. It mixes with waters from precipitation and paddy water that have become enriched in these components during downward infiltration. The results obtained by application of multiple-indictor are consistent with our hydrological observation results: groundwater contour maps and river water balances, and groundwater flows reproduced by the three dimensional numerical simulation.