Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT21] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 101A (1F)

Convener:*Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Chair:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[HTT21-07] Natural abundance of 15N in Japanese forest soils

*Keisuke Koba1, Bin Hiratsuka2, Rieko Urakawa3, Kazuya Nishina6, Kazuo Isobe7, Hideaki Shibata4, Nobuhito Ohte5 (1.Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University, 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3.Asia Center for Air Pollution Research, 4.Field Science Center for Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University, 5.Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, 6.National Institute for Environmental Studies, 7.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Stable isotopes, Forest soils, Nitrogen dynamics

Natural abundance of 15N of bulk soil N has been investigated in many studies with emphasis on soil N decomposition, N loss, and chronosequence of N dynamics in forests. δ15N of bulk soil N generally increases with soil depths, which is considered as a consequence of the loss of 15N-delpleted N via leaching and gaseous loss both coupled with N mineralization and nitrification as well as the incorporation of 15N-enriched N into bulk soil N via microbial biomass. However, the details on how 15N of bulk soil N can be discriminated during these processes are not clear.
We analyzed the δ15N of bulk soil N collected in the GRENE (Green Network of Excellence) environmental information project and the ReSIN (Regional and comparative Soil Incubation study on Nitrogen dynamics in forest ecosystems) project (Urakawa et al. 2014, 2016). Mineral forest soils were collected in each watershed from five soil profiles with different soil depths down to 40 or 50cm depth. We used a modified EA-IRMS in TUAT with higher sensitivity to measure the δ15N of bulk soil N with low N concentrations. We analyzed the soil samples (488 samples from 32 watersheds) with higher N concentration than ca. 0.1% (with less than 8mg sample weight to run) to reduce the risk of incomplete combustion.
δ15N of bulk soil N ranged from -3.2 to +10.2 permill with N concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 1.3%. Isotopic fractionation factors for bulk soil N, estimated from the relationship between N concentrations and δ15N values, ranged from 0.6 to 7.2 permill. The differences in mycorrhizal association of plants would influence the isotopic fractionation factor (Hobbie and Ouimette 2009), although we found no significant relationships between mycorrhizal associations (ECM, AM) and the isotopic fractionation factors. Climate factors such as MAT and MAP suggested as the factors affecting δ15N of bulk soil N (Amundson et al. 2003) were not significantly correlated with δ15N of bulk soil N. In the presentation we will discuss the possible factors influencing δ15N of bulk soil N and isotopic fractionation factors in the forest watersheds.