Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT21] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 101A (1F)

Convener:*Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Chair:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

2:00 PM - 2:15 PM

[HTT21-08] Tracing Atmospherically Deposited Nitrate in Forest Ecosystem Using Triple Nitrate Isotopes

*Kazuaki Sumi1, Masanori Katsuyama1, Midori Yano2, Keisuke Koba2 (1.Kyoto University, Graduate School of Agriculture, 2.Kyoto University, Center for Ecological Research)

Keywords:forest ecosystem, nitrate isotopes, oxygen isotope anomaly

Nitrogen saturation is one of the forest environmental issues as a result of increasing anthropogenic emission of reactive nitrogen. Forest which reached nitrogen saturation exports residual nitrogen as dissolved inorganic nitrogen (mainly nitrate: NO3-) and the amount of NO3- leaching is one of the signal of nitrogen saturation. However, the mechanism of nitrate export from forest ecosystem is not well understood because of complexity of forest internal nitrogen cycle. In fact, NO3- has two sources, atmospherically deposited nitrate (NO3-atm) and microbial nitrate (NO3-microb) in forest ecosystem. These two sources could not be separated so far, but triple nitrate isotope analysis techniques enabled distinguishing NO3-atm from NO3-microb, and revealed that the fraction of NO3-atm (fatm) in stream water is about 10% worldwide. To clarify the mechanism of export of atmospherically deposited nitrate (NO3-atm) to stream from forest catchment, we explored which factors of forest ecosystem influence fatm in stream water.
We measured δ15N-NO3-, δ18O-NO3-, Δ17O-NO3-, and NO3- concentration along with forest hydrological pathways, through fall, soil water, ground water and stream water at Kiryu Experimental Watersheds (KEW) in central Japan.
We calculated the value of fatm of four stream water, and mean value was about 10% except for one of the stream water which flows steep slope catchment. These results are consistent with the reports for stream. In soil, the concentration of NO3- and the values of fatm were decreased along with the soil depth suggesting that NO3-atm was consumed immediately at surface soil. In contrast, the values of fatm were not fluctuated in ground water which suggests that the value of fatm in stream water is almost determined at soil.