Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT21] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 24, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 101A (1F)

Convener:*Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Chair:Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

3:00 PM - 3:15 PM

[HTT21-12] Food web analysis using stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios: from the shallow to deep water in Toyama Bay

*Tomoki Otsuka1, JING ZHANG1, Inamura Osamu2 (1.University of Toyama, 2.Uozu Aquarium)

Keywords:Stable isotope, carbon and nitrogen, Food web

The isotopic ratios of stable carbon and nitrogen are useful to clarify the influence that the environmental changes (e.g. climate changes) on marine food web. The main aim of this study was to explore the food web in Toyama Bay, which has different water mass structure in the water shallower than approximately 200m and the water deeper than that. The aquatic sample of fishes and zooplankton inhabiting in the water shallower than 200m and in the water deeper than 200m, sinking particles, sedimentary organic matter and POM (particulate organic matter) were collected in Toyama Bay. We also collected sample of zooplankton and POM in Yamato basin, Central Japan Sea, and analyzed the stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic ratios of these sample. From the analysis results, we reached following findings. Aquatic creatures of both the shallow water and the deep water in Toyama Bay are located on a food web starting from POM and it is considered that phytoplankton produced near the sea surface is the primary producer. The δ13C values of zooplankton collected in Toyama Bay were higher than those from Yamato basin. It is inferred that the growth rate of the phytoplankton in Toyama Bay is faster. The δ15N values of the fish inhabiting in the deep water are higher than the fish inhabiting in the shallow water. In the deep water, there were scavengers and zooplankton whose δ15N values are higher than those in the shallow water suggesting that they raised the trophic level. Furthermore, the δ15N level of POM collected in Toyama Bay and Yamato basin were low with the average of 3.3 ‰, it is suggested that the δ15N value of primary producers is low.