Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT21] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 101A (1F)

Convener:*Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Chair:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University)

3:30 PM - 3:45 PM

[HTT21-13] Geochemical diagnosis of groundwater flow system in the Ohno basin, Fukui prefecture

*Takanori Nakano1, Kicheol Shin1, Tamihisa Ohta1, Yukiko Kusano1, Ichiro Tayasu1, Yoshihiro Yamada2, Yoriko Yokoo3, Maki Tsujimura4, koichi ikeda4, toshiaki kaeriyama5, Akihiro Yamada5, Kouhei Shitajima5, Hiroyuki Ozawa5 (1.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities, 2.Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University, 3.Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, 4.Faculty of life and environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 5.Municipal office of Ohno city)

Keywords:groundwater, Ohno basin, flow channel, stable isotope

Shallow groundwater system is developed in the city area of the northwestern Ohno basin, Fukui prefecture. This groundwater, termed as city-GW, has been used for daily lives and industries, but the recharge area and flow system of city-GW remain unclear. For the sustainable use of city-GW, we determined multiple components for the surface water and well water collected by elementary pupils as environmental education.
The oxygen and hydrogen isotope ratios of the city-GW decrease from -8.1 ‰ and -48 ‰ to -9.1 ‰ and -57 ‰ toward the west. The city-GW is divided by an interval of 0.1 ‰ in the d18O value and 0.8 ‰ in the d2H value. As the groundwater level decreases from south to west, it is likely that each isotope envelope corresponds to the flow channel. This view is consistent with the spatial distribution of several dissolved ions such as Ca2+; the high concentration of Ca2+ corresponds to the groundwater with a uniform d18O-d2H value (-8.9 - -8.8 ‰ and -52 - -51.2 ‰). It is likely that the city-GW is recharged mainly from the southern alluvial fan where agriculture is active. This is consistent with the high concentrations of As and Mo in southeastern city-GW, suggesting the contribution of fertilizer.
The western city-GW is enriched in NO3, indicating the source of N to be human activities such as sewerage. Several components (K, SO4) in the western city-GW is further subdivided into the north and the south by Mt. Kameyama, which is composed of granite. This result suggests that the geochemical nature of aquifer sediments in the north are different from that in the south by this mountain. This view is compatible with the analysis for the fluctuation record of water level at 14 monitoring sites in the city-GW area. We consider that Mt. Kamayama plays a role as a barrier for the southerly flow of the city-GW. Thus, the water quality mapping is effective for elucidating the flow system of groundwater.