Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT21] Development and applications of environmental traceability methods

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 101A (1F)

Convener:*Ichiro Tayasu(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Takanori Nakano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Inter-University Research Institute Corporation National Institutes for the Humanities), Chair:Keisuke Koba(Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[HTT21-16] Spatial variation of neodymium and strontium isotope ratios of shellfish soft bodies in the coastal sea of eastern Tohoku District

*Saitoh Yu1, Takanori Nakano1, Ki-Cheol Shin1, Katsuyuki Yamashita2, Hiroshi Amakawa4, Chikage Yoshimizu1, Jun Matsubayashi1, Yoshikazu Kato1, Hiroyuki Togashi3, Yosuke Amano3, Yutaka Kurita3, Noboru Okuda1, Ichiro Tayasu1 (1.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 2.Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 3.Tohoku National Fisheries Research Institute,Fisheries Research Agency, 4.Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:Nd isotope ratio of organisms, soft bodies of shellfish, marine ecosystem

Sr isotope ratio (87Sr/86Sr) has been used as a geographical index of water and vegetation and a tracer of animal migration in terrestrial ecosystem. However, it has little power in marine ecosystem because of extremely homogeneous 87Sr/86Sr ratio in seawater. In contrast, the Nd isotope ratio (143Nd/144Nd) has a potential to become effective tracer of marine organisms because the 143Nd/144Nd ratio of seawater is known to show a variation in the area and depth in the ocean (Amakawa et al., 2004). Nonetheless, there is little report on the Nd isotope ratio for marine and even terrestrial organisms, largely due to the extremely low content of Nd in organisms, and the resultant poor awareness of the element in ecological fields.
In order to explore the potential of Nd isotope as a biogeographical tracer in marine ecosystem, we determined the isotope ratios of Nd and Sr in soft bodies of shellfishes, mainly oysters and mussels in the coastal sea of eastern Tohoku district. Our results show that the 143Nd/144Nd ratio of the shellfish has a wide variation (0.5123-0.5128), whereas the 87Sr/86Sr ratio lies in the narrow range (0.70912-0.70921), which is almost equivalent to the value of seawater. Although the shellfish has lower 143Nd/144Nd ratio than the exchangeable fraction of river sediments in the watershed of the coast, both ratios show a strong positive relationship (r2 = 0.75). Further, the shellfishes have higher 143Nd/144Nd ratios than seawater in the northern Pacific, and the exchangeable 143Nd/144Nd ratio of river sediments has a weak negative relationship with the 87Sr/86Sr ratio of the associated river water (r2 = 0.37). These results demonstrate that the shellfish contains Nd derived from the watershed rocks of the adjoining river and Nd from oceanic water. It is concluded that the Nd isotope ratio has promise as a geographical index of habitat and foraging site of marine organisms and an effective tracer of marine animal migration at least in coastal sea zones.