Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol H (Human Geosciences) » H-TT Technology & Techniques

[H-TT23] Environmental Remote Sensing

Mon. May 23, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM 202 (2F)

Convener:*Teppei Ishiuchi(National Institute of Technology, Akashi College), Hiroto Shimazaki(National Institute of Technology, Kisarazu College), Akihiko Kondoh(Center for Environmental Remote Sensing, Chiba University), Yuji Sakuno(Institute of Engineering, Hiroshima University), Hitoshi Hasegawa(Dep.Geography Kokushikan Univ.), Yuji Kuwahara(Center for Water Environment Studies, Ibaraki University), Chair:Hiroto Shimazaki(National Institute of Technology, Kisarazu College)

4:00 PM - 4:15 PM

[HTT23-09] Correlation between forest fires in Indonesia and soil water content through the satellite imaging and the direct spectral measurements of soil

*Asahi Hashimoto1, Moka Akita1, Tetsushi Ota1, Yuito Takahashi1, Natsumi Kamada1, Hikaru Suzuki1, Yoko Hasegawa1, Yuka Ogino1, Nobuyasu Naruse1,2, Yukihiro Takahashi1,3 (1.Global Science Campus, Hokkaido University, 2.Institute for the Advancement of Higher Education, Hokkaido University, 3.Graduate School of Science, Hokkaido University)

Keywords:Forest fire, Indonesia, Soil water, Remote sensing, Reflection spectrum

In recent years, the smoke caused by the forest fires in Indonesia has become a serious problem. It affects the arrival and departure of airplanes. Moreover, a health problem has occurred in neighboring countries. Especially, El Niño in 2015, which scaled one of the largest, has reduced the precipitation in Indonesia, consequently increasing the forest fire significantly. Although most of the forest fires are caused artificially, the surface soil water, reflecting the amount of precipitation in the area, would be also related to the fire. Since Indonesia is covered with peat moss, the soil also burns when the fire occurs, and this makes the fire last for a long time. In the previous study, Furumoto et al. estimated the amount of soil water in Indonesia using the typical vegetation index of NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index). However, there’s a time lag of 1-2 months between the change of rainfall and NDVI values, which makes it difficult for us to judge immediately whether the forest fire will occur. The degrees of surface soil water have been detected by infrared satellite images with a poor spatial resolution so far. It is not enough to discuss in detail the correlation between the degrees of surface soil water and the cause of the forest fires.
This study aims to establish a method to discover the correlation between the regions of the forest fires and the surface soil water with a high spatial resolution using remote sensing. Our approach is 1) the direct spectral measurements of soil with a several soil water content and 2) the satellite image analysis.
First, three areas of satellite images were used; Blang Pidie, Riau, and Martapura. Each area locates in Pulau Smatera. We estimated the soil water content using NDWI (Normalized Difference Water Index), NDSI (Normalized Difference Soil Index). The seasonal change of NDWI and NDSI was observed by about 0.3. This result indicates that we can distinguish between the wet and dry season. We found that the forest fires occur a lot in each area from September to October (the end of dry season). This suggests that there is a correlation between the forest fires and the soil water content. We also made the two dimensional maps of NDWI and NDSI, to make sure the correlation between the forest fires and the indices. Moreover, considering that the land of Indonesia is covered with peat moss, we measured the spectra from peat moss actually.