Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

Oral

Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG24] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), Teruyuki Nakajima(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yasuhito Igarashi(Atmospheric Environment and Applied Meteorology Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Masatoshi Yamada(Institute of Radiation Emergency Medicine, Hirosaki University), Chisato Takenaka(Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University), masayoshi yamamoto(Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Kanazawa University), Jota Kanda(Graduate School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology), Atsushi Shinohara(Osaka university), Chair:Yukihiko Satou(Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[MAG24-04] Re-suspension processes of radioactive Cs emitted by the FNDPP accident in summer and autumn – possibility of biosphere-atmosphere circulation of radioactive Cs

*Kazuyuki Kita1, Takeshi Kinase1, Takaaki Horiuchi1, Shuichiro Sakamoto1, Airi Takei1, Hiroyuki Demizu2, Yasuhito Igarashi3, Kouji Adachi3, Mizuo Kajino3, Keita Yamada4, Sakae Toyoda4, Naohiro Yoshida4, Kazuhiko Ninomiya5, Atsushi Shinohara5, Hiroshi Okochi6, Hiroko Ogata6, Masahide Ishizuka7, Teruya Maki8, Yoshinari Abe9, IZUMI NAKAI9, Jun Furukawa10, Yuichi Onda10 (1.Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, 2.Ibaraki University, 3.Meterlorogical Research Institute, 4.Tokyo Institute of Technology, 5.Osaka University, 6.Waseda University, 7.Kagawa University, 8.Kanazawa University, 9.Tokyo University of Science, 10.Tsukuba University)

Keywords: Fukushima-dai'ichi Nuclear Plant Accident, Radioactive Cesium, Radioactivity in environment, Biosphere-atmosphere Curculation

Radionuclides emitted in the Fukushima dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FNDPP) accident have been deposited on the soil, ocean and vegetation. Re-suspension of radioactive cesium (Cs) from the soil and vegetation to the atmosphere may be one of significant path in the diffusion of radionuclides after the accident. As well as continuous monitoring of radionuclides in the atmosphere, understanding of the re-suspension processes of radioactive Cs to the atmosphere is essential to predict its environmental influence now and future.
We are monitoring the radioactivity concentration of atmospheric Cs-134/137 at several sites at Tsushima and Yamakiya, Fukushima, where deposition amount of Cs-134/137 is relatively high. Atmospheric suspended particle are collected with high-volume air samplers mounted at these sites, and gamma-ray emission from them were measured with Ge detector. The measured concentrations of atmospheric Cs-134/137 at Tshushima indicated their seasonal variation: they increased in spring, attained their maximum in summer, and decreased in autumn.
SEM observation of atmospheric samples showed that organic particles were dominant in summer and autumn. Fraction of carbon in the samples was positively correlated with activity concentration of Cs-134/137, indicating that these organic particles bring Cs-134/137 in the atmosphere. Chemical analysis of the atmospheric samples shows some organic components from biogenic origin were rich in their fraction of high rad Cs-134/137 activity. Bio-aerosol sampling was also conducted and its preliminary result showed that many biogenic particles such as spores and bacteria found in the samples. Comparison of activity of Cs-134/137 in rainwatrer collected inside and outside broad-leaf forest in Tsushima showed that Cs-134/137 activity was several times higher in rainwater in forest. Atmospheric activity was also increased during rain. These results showed that Cs-134/137 was rich on the surface of vegetation, and that it moved from vegetation to the atmosphere and soil by rain.
Water soluble components and insoluble organic components were extracted from atmospheric particle samples obtained in summer and autumn with ultrapure water and H2O2, respectively. Simultaneously, 40-65% of Cs-134/137 was extracted with pure water and 10-40% of Cs-134/137 was extracted with H2O2. Although water soluble aerosols such as NaCl and sulfates were included in the samples, we suppose that Cs-134/137 extracted by water was contained in the organic particles because Na and S was much less than C in the samples. We cultured poplar shoots in the solution obtained from the extraction of atmospheric samples by pure water during 48 hours, and found that similar amount of Cs-134/137 existed in roots of poplar, its leaves and branches, and remained solution after the cultivation although major part of Cs-134/137 was adsorbed grass beads used in the cultivation. These results strongly suggested that Cs-134/137 is circulating among vegetation, soil, and atmosphere.