Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-AG Applied Geosciences

[M-AG24] Dynamics of radionuclides emitted from Fukuchima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant in the environment

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Kazuyuki Kita(Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University), Yuichi Onda(Center for Research on Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics, University of Tsukuba), Teruyuki Nakajima(Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Yasuhito Igarashi(Atmospheric Environment and Applied Meteorology Research Department, Meteorological Research Institute), Masatoshi Yamada(Institute of Radiation Emergency Medicine, Hirosaki University), Chisato Takenaka(Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University), masayoshi yamamoto(Low Level Radioactivity Laboratory, Kanazawa University), Jota Kanda(Graduate School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology), Atsushi Shinohara(Osaka university)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MAG24-P10] Sensitivity analyses of sediment and 137Cs behaviors in reservoirs during rainfall events

*Hiroshi Kurikami1, Akihiro Kitamura1 (1.Japan Atomic Energy Agency)

Keywords:Fukushima Daiichi NPP, Reservoir, Sensitivity analysis, FLESCOT, Cesium, Sediment

Investigations and simulations are important to understand sediment and radioactive cesium migration in reservoirs contaminated by the accident at the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. In the previous study, we presented one- and two-dimensional simulations of sediment and radioactive cesium migration in the Ogaki Dam reservoir located in the middle reach of the Ukedo River and found that the reservoir played an important role to delay and buffer the movement of radioactive cesium in heavy rainfall events and that the buffer effect depended on particle sizes of suspended sediment and the water level in the reservoir. In this study, to understand the sensitivity of intensity and duration of flood events to discharges of sediment and radioactive cesium during flood events, we performed sensitivity analyses by using the FLESCOT code, a three-dimensional finite volume model developed by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. It considers turbulent water flow and transports of multi-size sediment and radioactive cesium both in dissolved and particulate forms. The results showed that the discharge proportions depended on sediment size, event intensity and event duration. The proportions of sediment/137Cs discharges increase, as event duration is shorter/heavier. The silt component is a main carrier of radioactive cesium in larger events, while the clay-sorbed and dissolved forms are dominant in smaller events. In heavier events, resuspention of bed sediment took place.