Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI20] Environmental changes in mountainous area

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Keisuke Suzuki(Department of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University), Yoshihiko Kariya(Department of Environmental Geography, Senshu University), Akihiko SASAKI(Faculty of Science, Shinshu University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MGI20-P14] Large-scale bedrock landslide and the evolution of natural history in Kamikochi Valley, northern Japanese Alps

*Yoshihiko Kariya1, Yuki Matsushi2, Satoru Harayama3, Sadao Takaoka1, Chizuru Kida4, Hiroyuki Matsuzaki5 (1.Senshu University, 2.Kyoto University, 3.Shinshu University, 4.Graduate School of Senshu University, 5.University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Large-scale bedrock landslide, Natural history, Landscape evolution, Last Glacial , Holocene

The Kamikochi Valley demonstrates a spectacular landscape composed of glacigenic troughs and cirques, periglacial debris-covered slopes, and fluviogenic flood plains as well as alpine-subalpine vegetation continuum so that this scenic spot has been visited by numerous climbers and tourists. Quaternary geology and geomorphology of the Kamikochi have progressed during the last several decades. Although the previous studies have emphasized an importance of Quaternary glaciations and periglaciations, the role of landslide processes has not always been focused despite the Kamikochi is situated under volcano-seismic active environments with high precipitation. Our reappraisal of geomorphology has revealed that large scale bedrock landslides related to deep-seated gravitational slope deformation (DSGSD) are important factors affecting the evolution of landscape (landforms and vegetation) of the Kamikochi.
For example, Bentensawa (6-7 ka) and Myojinike (age unknown) rock avalanches caused a river obstruction forming dammed lake or flood plain. Dakesawa rock avalanche (past 1000 yrs?) produced block field without surficial fine materials such like a block stream. Genbunsawa rock avalanche (4 ka) caused many hummocks 5-10 m high.
Landslide deposits have created unique natural environments different from outside landslide areas, which would have caused unique landscape. In this meeting, we will show chronological tables (14C and TCN), geomorphological maps, oblique airphotos all of which focuses on bedrock landslide phenomena in Kamikochi Valley.