Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-GI General Geosciences, Information Geosciences & Simulations

[M-GI23] Neo-Kitchen Earth Science as an activation tool for our brain

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Kei Kurita(Earthquake Research Institute,University of Tokyo), Ichiro Kumagai(School of Science and Engineering, Meisei University), Miwa Kuri(International Research Institute of Disaster Science, Tohoku University), Satoshi Sakai(Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies, Kyoto University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MGI23-P01] Development of a Simple Experiment for Understanding the Ramification in the Earth Science

*Eiichi Sato1, Nami Matsuo1, Kazuhito Yamasaki2 (1.Institute for Promotion of Higher Education, Kobe University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kobe University)

Keywords:ramification, fractal analysis, Horton’s law

We carried out a simple experiment to understand ramification that occurs in the Earth science. In the experiment, we sandwiched acrylic paint between two acrylic plates and opened the two plates. When we were opening the two plates, air flows into the spaces between the two plates and penetrates into the acrylic paint. Consequently both the paint and passage of the air describe the branched structures. In this study, we quantified the branched structures using fractal analysis and Horton’s laws to evaluate the degrees of complexity and the branched patterns. As a result, the branched structures appeared similar to the ramifications in the Earth science. This experiment is an easy yet effective tool to show the process of a ramification to students.