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[MIS03-P01] Earthquake-induced electromagnetic field due to electrokinetic effect
Keywords: earthquake, electromagnetic fields, electrokinetic effect
In this study, we present the theoretical simulations of the earthquake-induced EM signals on the basis of the electrokinetic effect. This result shows that due to the electrokinetic effect the earthquake can generate co-rupture EM signal, which arrives immediately after the onset of the earthquake and much earlier than the seismic arrivals. It arrives at different EM sensors simultaneously. The earthquake can also generate coseismic EM field which arrives simultaneously with the seismic waves. Besides, our simulations indicate that when the earthquake fault rupturing stops and the seismic waves pass far away, the magnetic field vanishes while the electric field near the fault remains, decaying slowly and lasting for hundreds of seconds. The near-fault poseismic electric fields hold similar features to some field observations in literature. We apply our theoretical simulations to explain the coseismic EM data observed during the 2004 Mw6 Parkfield earthquake. By using a finite fault source model obtained via kinematic inversion, we calculate the electric and magnetic responses to the earthquake rupture are calculated. The result shows that the synthetic electric signals agree with the observed data for both amplitude and wave shape, especially for early portions of the records after the earthquake. Our simulations supports the electrokinetic effect as the reasonable mechanism for the generation of the earthquake-induced electric fields.
This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grants 41474038 and 41204039).