Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS06] Biogeochemistry

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoya Iwata(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[MIS06-02] Quantitative and qualitative distribution of fluorescent dissolved organic matter in surface waters throughout the Pacific

*Youhei Yamashita1, Fuminori Hashihama2, Hiroaki Saito3, Hideki Fukuda3, Hiroshi Ogawa3 (1.Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, 2.Department of Ocean Sciences, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 3.Atmospheric and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:Marine Dissolved Organic Matter, Fluorescent Dissolved Organic Matter, Oceanic Provinces

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the ocean basically originates from marine organisms, i.e., phytoplankton and heterotrophic bacteria exudation, viral cell lysis, protozoan grazing and zooplankton sloppy feeding, and is mainly consumed by heterotrophic bacteria. It has also been well documented that ocean physics together with biological processes shape the basin scale distribution of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration. Thus, distributional patterns of quantity and quality of DOM are possibly related to oceanic ecological provinces such as Longhurst’s oceanic provinces that are divided based on the prevailing role of physical forcing as a regulator of phytoplankton distribution. Even though basin scale distribution of DOC concentrations throughout the open ocean has been clarified, qualitative (compositional) distribution of DOM in relation with oceanic ecological provinces has scarcely been reported. Thus, the knowledge regarding with factors controlling the oceanic DOM composition with basin scale is limited.
In this study, we determined quantity and quality of fluorescent DOM (FDOM) in surface waters throughout the Pacific using excitation and emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopy combined with parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC). Surface water samples were collected from the North and South Pacific during four Hakuho-Maru cruises (KH-11-10, KH-12-3, KH-13-7, and KH-14-3 cruises). EEM analysis was performed using FluoroMax-4 (Horiba), and PARAFAC was conducted by the drEEM toolbox on MATLAB (MathWorks). EEM-PARAFAC identified two protein-like components and two humic-like components. We clarified spatial distributions regarding with abundance and composition (i.e., ratio of two components) of humic-like as well as protein-like components. In addition, we used cluster analysis for establishing oceanic provinces from FDOM composition. In the presentation, we will present (1) the meridional differences in FDOM abundance and composition throughout the Pacific, and (2) the similarity/difference between Longhurst’s oceanic provinces and oceanic provinces determined by FDOM composition.