Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS06] Biogeochemistry

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Tomoya Iwata(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

9:45 AM - 10:00 AM

[MIS06-04] Nutrient uptake in river networks controls nitrogen and phosphorus transports along the river-to-ocean continuum

*Tomoya Iwata1, Syo Ishikawa2, Hayato Aoyama2 (1.Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi, 2.Faculty of Engineering, University of Yamanashi)

Riverine transports of organic and inorganic matter from watersheds can be an important flux that supports the downstream and coastal food webs. Recent studies have identified that stream ecosystems uptake and/or mineralize the large amount of river-borne material leaking from terrestrial ecosystems, resulting in the decrease of material transports from land to the ocean. However, the uptake rates of nitrogen and phosphorus in the entire area of a river network from headwater streams to downstream rivers to estuary has remained unknown, especially in mountainous watersheds with high relief, such as watersheds in Japan.
We will present our recent empirical studies in the Fuji River watershed, which show the“basin metabolism”of nitrogen and phosphorus to identify the fate of river-borne material along the land-to-river-to-ocean continuum. Moreover, our study will show the relationship between fluvial geomorphology (e.g., channel size and river network structure) and the riverine transport of nitrogen and phosphorus. We emphasize that physical modifications of river network strucutre may affect the delivery of nutrients to coastal areas, resulting in change of the strength of land-ocean linkages through riverine nutrient flux.