Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS06] Biogeochemistry

Sun. May 22, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Tomoya Iwata(Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Yamanashi), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshiyuki Inagaki(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Kazumichi Fujii(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute)

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[MIS06-12] Environmental controls on patterns of plant nitrogen uptake in Canadian permafrost soils

*Kazumichi Fujii1, Yoshiyuki Inagaki1, Matsuura Yojiro1, Akira Osawa2 (1.Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 2.Kyoto University)

Keywords:Soil, Permafrost soil, Amino acid

Plants develop different strategies of nitrogen (N) uptake in response to N limitation. This may explain N supply to plants from N-limited soils and niche differentiation due to soil N levels. To analyze the relationships between N availability and patterns of plant N uptake, plant uptake rates of different N sources (13C, 15N-glutamic acid, 15N-urea, 15N-ammonium, 15N-nitrate) were measured in the field condition. To assess N availability, the concentrations of amino acids, ammonium, and nitrate in soil solution and the mineralization rates of glutamic acid, arginine, ornithine, and urea were studied. We compared four sites in Northwest Territories, Canada; white spruce forest (WSF) at upper slope and black spruce forest (BSS) at lower slope on foothill of glaciofluvial sands, black spruce forest (BSF) and shrub birch tundra (TND) on fluvial sediments. In soil solution, DON was abundant at all sites, but inorganic N was abundant only in TND and BSS. Urea mineralization potentials were consistently high at all sites, except for BSF. This suggests microbial N mineralization is highly limited in N-limited BSF soil. Birch and grass preferentially absorbed inorganic N, while white spruce and black spruce can utilize amino acid-N under N-limited soil to bypass N flow between soil and plants.