Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS06] Biogeochemistry

Sun. May 22, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A03 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Muneoki Yoh(Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology), Hideaki Shibata(Field Science Center fot Northern Biosphere, Hokkaido University), Naohiko Ohkouchi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Youhei Yamashita(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Chair:Yoshiyuki Inagaki(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Kazumichi Fujii(Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute), Rota Wagai(National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, Carbon & Nutrient Cycling Division), Kazuya Nishina(National Institute for Enviromental Studies)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[MIS06-16] Nature of organo-mineral particles at a lower level of aggregate hierarchy among contrasting soil types

*Maki Asano1, Rota Wagai2, Yasuo Takeichi3, Makoto Maeda4, Hiroki Suga4, Noriko Yamaguchi2, Syuntaro Hiradate2, Yoshio Takahashi5 (1.University of Tsukuba, 2.National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3.Institute of Materials Structure Science, High-Energy Accelerator Research Organization, 4.Hiroshima University, 5.The University of Tokyo)

Keywords:soil organic matter, organo-mineral interaction, advanced microscopy, soil aggregate hierarchy

Soil organic matter (SOM) accounts for a major portion of terrestrial C and is considered to be stabilized against microbial degradation due partly to its interaction with soil minerals. Particle-size fractionation is an effective approach to distinguish different types of organo-mineral particles. Many early studies showed hierarchical structure of organo-mineral particles that are bound together by various binding agents. Yet how organic compounds of microbial and plant origins interact with mineral phases and how such interaction contributes to the hierarchical structure remain unclear. Facing climate change induced by C imbalance, it is particularly important to better understand the factors controlling C concentration and its mean residence time among particle size fraction in different soil types. Here we focused on the sonication-resistant organo-mineral particles collected by particle size fractionation from four soil types of contrasting minerology. We hypothesize that the distribution of percent of modern carbon among particle size fractions differ among the soil types due to the difference in the major forms of organo-mineral associations. We compare top soils (A horizon) from four soil types: allophanic Andisol, non-allophanic Andisol, Mollisol, Ultisol. The recovered particle size fractions are characterized by selective dissolution (pyrophosphate, oxalate, and dithionite), isotopic contents (15N, 13C, 14C), and 13-C solid state NMR. We will discuss common patterns and differences among the four soils.