Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information

Oral

Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS08] Electromagnetic phenomena associated with seismic and volcanic activities

Wed. May 25, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM Convention Hall B (2F)

Convener:*Tetsuya Kodama(Research Unit I, Research and Development Directorate, Japan Space Exploration Agency), Yasuhide Hobara(Graduate School of Information and Engineering Department of Communication Engineering and Informatics, The University of Electro-Communications), Toshiyasu Nagao(Institute of Oceanic Research and development, Tokai University), Masashi Hayakawa(Hayakawa Institute of Seismo Electromagnetics, Co., Ltd.), Chair:Toshiyasu Nagao(Institute of Oceanic Research and development, Tokai University), Tetsuya Kodama(Research Unit I, Research and Development Directorate, Japan Space Exploration Agency)

4:15 PM - 4:30 PM

[MIS08-04] Statistical study on the Relationship between Major Earthquakes and Lower Ionospheric Perturbations based on the Focal Mechanism and Nighttime Fluctuation Method

*Tomoki Kawano1, Kenshin Tatsuta1, Yasuhide Hobara1 (1.Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications)

Keywords: Earthquake, Ionospheric perturbation, Focal mechanism, VLF/LF transmitter, Earthquake prediction, Molchan’s error diagram

In this paper, we carried out the statistical study to investigate the relationship between major earthquakes over Japan and corresponding ionospheric perturbations before earthquakes based on the long-term data analysis. We categorized earthquakes into three different types, namely reverse fault, normal fault, and strike slip fault using focal mechanism. Ionospheric perturbations were identified by the nighttime fluctuation method applied to the daily nighttime amplitude data from UEC’s VLF/LF observation network data between 2007 and 2012 (6 year-long). As a result, the lower ionospheric perturbations tend to occur much frequently for reverse fault type earthquakes, which is statistically significant. Furthermore, we calculated the optimal threshold for anomaly detecting for the prediction by using Molchan’s error diagram, and 3 σ (standard deviation) below the mean value is found to be the best threshold for the optimal anomalous prediction.