Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS09] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 23, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 101B (1F)

Convener:*Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University)

9:15 AM - 9:30 AM

[MIS09-02] Characteristics of structure I natural gas hydrate encaged thermogenic methane

*Akihiro Hachikubo1, Yuka Oota1, Satoshi Takeya2, Olga Vereshchagina3, Young Keun Jin4, Anatoly Obzhirov3, Masaaki Konishi1, Hirotoshi Sakagami1, Hirotsugu Minami1, Satoshi Yamashita1, Nobuo Takahashi1, Hitoshi Shoji1 (1.Kitami Institute of Technology, 2.National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 3.Pacific Oceanological Institute, FEB RAS, 4.Korea Polar Research Institute)

Keywords:hydrate, methane, Sakhalin Island

Crystallographic structures of natural gas hydrate are usually either structure I or structure II. The latter can encage larger hydrocarbons, for example, propane, isobutane, n-butane, and neopentane. Because the origin of these molecules is thermogenic, methane ascending with them from deeper sediment layer is also thermogenic. Hydrate-bound thermogenic methane has been reported in the world (Gulf of Mexico, offshore Vancouver Island, Caspian Sea, etc.). C1/C2+ of guest gas in these sites are less than 10, indicating that compositions of ethane and propane in hydrate-bound hydrocarbons are in an order of several percent. Therefore, crystallographic structure of gas hydrate composed of thermogenic gas is primarily the cubic structure II.
On the other hand, the structure I gas hydrates retrieved off Joetsu contained thermogenic methane (delta 13C > -50 permil, e.g. Lu et al., 2011). C1/C2+ of hydrate-bound hydrocarbons was more than 2,000, whereas the maximum value of methane delta 13C was -35permil (Hachikubo et al., 2015). It is still unknown how higher hydrocarbons reduced in the sediment. Gas hydrates have been discovered at the southwestern Sakhalin Island in the cruises of LV59 (2012), LV62 (2013), LV67 (2014), and LV70 (2015) on board R/V Akademik M. A. Lavrentyev in the framework of Sakhalin Slope Gas Hydrate (SSGH) project. We reported in the last JpGU meeting that hydrate-bound gas contained 13C-rich methane, suggesting thermogenic origin. In this study, we focus on the gas hydrates of the cubic structure I containing thermogenic methane retrieved from the Tatar Trough, off Sakhalin Island, and compare with those retrieved off Joetsu.
We obtained hydrate crystals from sediment cores, and stored them in liquid nitrogen. Raman spectra of the crystal showed two peaks of C-H stretching mode, correspond to methane molecules in large and small cages of the structure I, and small peaks of hydrogen sulfide were also detected. We also obtained hydrate-bound gas on board and measured their molecular and stable isotope compositions. C1/C2+ of hydrate-bound hydrocarbons ranged between 200 and 800, suggesting that contribution of thermogenic C2+ was low. However, delta 13C and delta D of hydrate-bound methane distributed from -48permil to -42permil and from -200 permil to -170 permil, respectively. According to an empirical classification of the methane stable isotopes (delta 13C and delta D; Whiticar, 1999), hydrate-bound methane obtained at the Tatarsky Trough was mainly thermogenic origin. Characteristics of hydrate-bound methane is similar to those obtained off Joetsu. delta 13C of CO2 in sediment gases was high (+20 permil), suggesting interaction between methane and CO2 through microbial activity.
We appreciate the support of the crew onboard R/V Lavrentyev during the LV59, LV62, LV67, and LV70 cruises off Sakhalin Island. This study was supported by the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 26303021 of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).
Hachikubo, et al. (2015) Molecular and Isotopic Composition of Volatiles in Gas Hydrates and in Sediment from the Joetsu Basin, Eastern Margin of the Japan Sea. Energies 8: 4647-4666. doi:10.3390/en8064647
Lu H, et al. (2011) The characteristics of gas hydrates recovered from Joetsu Basin, eastern margin of the Sea of Japan. In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Gas Hydrates, Edinburgh, UK, 17-21 July 2011.
Whiticar MJ (1999) Carbon and hydrogen isotope systematics of bacterial formation and oxidation of methane. Chem Geol 161: 291-314. doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00092-3