Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS09] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 23, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 101B (1F)

Convener:*Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology), Chair:Satoko Owari(Chiba university)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[MIS09-16] Atmospheric gas concentration anomalies in the ocean: A preliminary report from a shallow gas hydrate exploration project

*Shinsuke Aoki1, Shinsuke Aoki1, Kosuke Noborio2, Ryo Matsumoto3 (1.Graduate School of Agriculture, Meiji Universiy, 2.School of Agriculture, Meiji Universiy, 3.Gas Hydrate Laboratory, Organization for the Strategic Laboratory of Research and Intellectual Properties, Meiji University)

Keywords:gas hydrate, Methane gas, gas plume

We could often notice the gas plumes rising from a seafloor water column at gas hydrate fields. Active gas vents at the seafloor have previously been reported by some researchers. Methane (CH4) is a major constituent of seep gases. Methane is an important short-lived climate pollutant. It is reported that oil spill at sea bottom and offshore oil/gas platforms affect atmospheric CH4 concentration. Likewise gas seeps may contribute to atmospheric gas concentration above the sea surface. Our objectives were to investigate the distribution of atmospheric CH4 distribution over the sea surface of gas hydrate areas by continuous measurement on a research vessel.
We took advantage of topographical survey (7K14, 7K15) for grasping the resources of shallow gas hydrate and for continuously measuring CH4 concentration. We used the R/V Kaiyo-Maru No.7 (Kaiyo Engineering Co., Ltd., Japan) from April to June 2014 and from May to July 2015. Continuous measurement of atmospheric CH4 was performed on the ship using a wave-length-scanned cavity ring-down spectrometer (WS-CRDS) (model G2201-i, Picarro Inc., USA). Air sample was collected from an air inlet installed at the compass deck (approximately 8 m above the sea level) of the ship using an air pump placed in an observation room. The ship sailed at approximately 6 knot during the survey periods. Ship-s location data were obtained with a nautical GPS.
There were 2 types of sea areas: (1) areas with gas plumes observed, and (2) areas with no gas plumes observed. Additionally, gas plumes were unevenly distributed in the gas plume area. In some of gas plume areas, the anomalies of CH4 concentration were coincidently observed around above gas plumes. Atmospheric gas concentration affected by sea water temperature, water depth, and scale of gas plume varied every different sea areas.
This study was conducted as a part of the shallow methane hydrate exploration project of METI.