Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS09] Gas hydrates in environmental-resource sciences

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hitoshi Tomaru(Department of Earth Sciences, Chiba University), Akihiro Hachikubo(Environmental and Energy Resources Research Center, Kitami Institute of Technology), Sumito Morita(Institute for Geo-Resources and Environment, Geological Survey of Japan, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS09-P18] Isolation of methanogenic archaea and distribution of methanogenic and methanotrophic archaea in subseafloor sediment

*Takumi Imajo1, Junpei Hashiguchi1, Takeshi Kobayashi1, Chiaki Imada1, Takeshi Terahara1, Ryo Matsumoto2 (1.Graduate School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 2.Meiji University)

Keywords:shallow gas hydrate, methanogenic archaea, methanotrophic archaea

Shallow gas hydrates are estimated to be buried around Japan, especially in Japan Sea. The methane trapped in those hydrates are produced by biogenic (microbial) or thermogenic system. But the relationship between shallow gas hydrates and the methanogens are yet to be confirmed. So this study focuses on isolation and diversity of methanogenic and methanotrophic archaea.
Sediment samples were collected from the subseafloor (with or without specific structure) by the MBARI push corer, during an environment assessment cruise. Samples were collected from the top, middle, bottom of the recovered sediments of each push core. The samples were stored in different temperature for the microbiological cultivation experiment and microbiological diversity analysis, respectively.
For the methanogenic archaea isolation, cultivation was carried out by enrichment culture using methanogen medium. The cultures were cultivated by 15℃ and 30℃, respectively. We successfully isolated several methanogenic archaea from the surface sediment. The result of the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed the isolated strains identified as one of the order of the methanogen, Methanomicrobiales.
For the methanogenic and methanotrophic archaea diversity analysis, DNA was extracted from the sediment samples, using ISOIL kit. The methane related functional gene, the mcrA gene of methanogenic and methanotrophic archaea was choosen as the target gene. The genes were amplified by PCR method. The PCR products were purified by FastGene Gel/PCR Extraction Kit. The purified products were analyzed by clone library method. The result of the clone library analysis indicated that specific structure of the surface of the subseafloor have specific methanogenic and methanotrophic archaea structure.
This study was conducted as a part of the shallow methane hydrate exploration project of METI.