5:15 PM - 6:30 PM
[MIS12-P02] Reproduction of hysteresis in crystal growth
Keywords:Crystal growth, Step dynamics, Impurity, Hysteresis
The step dynamics is significantly affected by the existence of impurities. The growth hysteresis is one of the well-known phenomena induced by impurities [e.g., 1]. Let us consider the crystal growth from aqueous solution. When the solution includes impurities, the crystal growth rate when the supersaturation is increased is different from that when it is decreased. It has been considered that the hysteresis results from the interaction between two effects: (i) retardation of the step advancement by impurities adsorbed on the crystal surface, and (ii) prevention of the impurity adsorption by frequent step passages. In previous theories of the growth hysteresis, the physical quantities such as the density of adsorbed impurities and the step velocity were averaged both in space and time (mean-field theory [e.g., 2-4]). However, these quantities differ from the position to position on the crystal surface and vary with time in actual situations, so it was not obvious whether the mean-field theory is applicable to the actual systems or not.
In this meeting, we report the results of the numerical simulations of growth hysteresis, which was recently accepted for publication in Crystal Growth and Design . Recently, we have developed a new numerical scheme to simulate the step dynamics based on a phase-field (PF) method [6,7]. We introduced the adsorption/desorption processes of impurities to this method based on the Monte Carlo (MC) method in order to simulate the random impurity adsorption and its time variation. We investigated the change in the step velocity during down-and-up cycles of supersaturation, and found that the appearance of the growth hysteresis in all cycles. The average trace of the step velocity agreed with that predicted by the mean-field theory . This is the first result that reproduces the growth hysteresis using the numerical simulations.
References:  R. W. Friddle et al. (2010), PNAS 107, 11.  Y. O. Punin and O. I. Artamonova (1989), Kristallographiya 34, 1262.  H. Miura and K. Tsukamoto (2013), Cryst. Growth Des. 13, 3588.  H. Miura and K. Tsukamoto (2013), Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2013, abstract MIS31-P05.  H. Miura (2016), accepted for publication in Cryst. Growth Des.  H. Miura and R. Kobayashi (2015), Cryst. Growth Des. 15, 2165.  H. Miura (2015), Cryst. Growth Des. 15, 4142.