Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS14] Atmospheric Electricity

Mon. May 23, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM 203 (2F)

Convener:*Kazuhiko Miura(Faculty of Science, Tokyo University of Science), Masashi Kamogawa(Department of Physics, Tokyo Gakugei University), Chair:Satoru Yoshida(Meteorological Research Institute)

1:45 PM - 2:00 PM

[MIS14-01] Dependence of atmospheric electric field on solar activity

*Akihiro Ikeda1, Hiromasa Nozawa1, Manabu Shinohara1, Kentarou Kitamura2 (1.National Institute of Technology, Kagoshima College, 2.National Institute of Technology, Tokuyama College)

Keywords:atmospheric electric field, solar activity

The vertical atmospheric electric field variations depend on the state of the global circuit. Under the fair weather condition, atmospheric electric field directs vertically downward. The direction is due to the electric potential in the ionosphere and the Earth’s surface. Thus ionospheric state seems to affect atmospheric electric field.
Kleimenova et al. [2010] examined atmospheric electric field at the time of substorms. They concluded that the deviations of Ez at high latitudes are the result from an enhanced polar convection or change in the ionospheric potential.
Since the report was established based on high-latitude data, we focused on low-latitude atmospheric electric field variation related with ionospheric state. In this study we analyzed the low-latitude atmospheric electric field Ez at KAK (G.G. Lat.: 36.2 N, G.G. Lon.: 140.2 E) and solar F10.7 index which is derived from solar radio flux at a 2.8 MHz. The solar F10.7 flux is well known that related with ionization in the ionosphere through solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) emission.
Daily Ez amplitude for high solar-activity (F10.7 > 100) periods shows higher value than that for low solar-activity (F10.7 < 100) periods. The tendency is predominant in July and August. When solar EUV flux is intense, ionization in the ionosphere are promoted and ionospheric potential becomes higher. We, therefore conclude that potential difference between the ionosphere and the Earth’s surface becomes larger and the atmospheric electric field is enhanced during high solar-activity periods.