Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS15] Global climate change driven by the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Ice Sheet

Tue. May 24, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Yoshifumi Nogi(National Institute of Polar Research), Kay I. Ohshima(Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS15-P10] Rapid and persistent freshening of Antarctic Bottom Water in the Australian-Antarctic Basin

*KEISHI SHIMADA1, Yujiro Kitade1, Kohei Mizobata1, Shigeru Aoki2, Kay I. Ohshima2, Takeshi Tamura3, Tsuneo Odate3 (1.Tokyo university of marine science and technology, 2.Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, 3.National Institute of Polar Research)

Keywords:Antarctic Bottom Water, freshening, sea level rise

Summer hydrographic data obtained along 110°E meridional transect are used to document multi-decadal change in abyssal hydrographic condition south of 60°S. Data are obtained every year after 2011and it is clarified that freshening observed at beginning of 2000s (e.g., Aoki et al., 2005) is still persistent in the recent years. The observed freshening is clearly intensified to the bottom, and thus, likely induced by increased fresh water discharge near the formation regions of Antarctic Bottom Water. Also, observed freshening implies rise in sea level. Haline component of sea level rise (against 1995) in the recent years (~13.5 mm) is quadrupled after 2005 and is comparable to that of thermal component (~11.0 mm). Thus it is concerned that haline component can be the main contributor to sea level rise in the Southern Ocean in near future.