Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] Drilling Earth Science

Thu. May 26, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Yusuke Suganuma(National institute of Polar Research), Kazuno Arai(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Keita Umetsu(Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Kazuno Arai(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS))

9:00 AM - 9:15 AM

[MIS16-01] Reports of IODP Exp. 359: Sea Level, Currents, and Monsoon Evolution in the Indian Ocean

*Mayuri Inoue1, Santi Dwi Pratiwi2, Masatoshi Nakakuni3, Kaoru Niino4, Christian Betzler5, Gregor P Eberli6, Carlos A Alvarez-Zarikian7, IODP Expedition 359 Scientists7 (1.Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 2.Graduate School of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, 3.Graduate School of Engineering, Soka University, 4.Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Yamagata University, 5.Institute of Geology, CEN, University of Hamburg, 6.Department of Marine Geosciences, University of Miami, 7.International Ocean Discovery Program, Texas A&M University)

Keywords:Maldives, Monsoon, Carbonate, Sea Level Change

IODP Expedition 359 was conducted from October to November in 2015 in the Maldives Archipelago in the Indian Ocean to study changes of sea level, currents and monsoon evolution in the Indian Ocean during the Neogene. The monsoon is one of the most dramatic recurring weather phenomena on Earth and affects over a billion people every year. However, little is known about when the monsoon started and how it changed over time. The monsoon brings rainfall to the continents, which is critical for agriculture, and increased river discharge to the oceans. It is known for its winds that change direction with the winter and summer monsoon. Many studies have tried to reconstruct the monsoon history from the rain-induced weathering and discharge into the ocean. In Expedition 359 a novel approach was taken to extract the history of the monsoon from wind-related features. The winds of the monsoon drive the ocean currents across the Maldives. These currents, like rivers in the ocean, carry sediment. In the Inner Sea of the Maldives the currents slow down and release the sediment to build large drift deposits. The sediments in these drifts hold the record of climate change and monsoon activity for the last 12 million years. The sediments, however, also buried ancient reef buildups that flourished in the Inner Sea before the monsoon started. These reefs hold the history of sea level changes before the onset of the monsoon. In this way, IODP Expedition 359 was able to reconstruct environmental changes in the Indian Ocean since the late Oligocene to the present.