Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS16] Drilling Earth Science

Thu. May 26, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM 103 (1F)

Convener:*Yasuhiro Yamada(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), R&D Center for Ocean Drilling Science (ODS)), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Yusuke Suganuma(National institute of Polar Research), Kazuno Arai(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Keita Umetsu(Japan Agency for Marine Earth Science and Technology), Chair:Kazuya Shiraishi(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Saneatsu Saito(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

12:00 PM - 12:15 PM

[MIS16-12] IODP T-Limit Project: Constraining the Temperature Limit of Subseafloor Life in the Nankai Subduction Zone

Kai-Uwe Hinrichs1, *Fumio Inagaki2, Verena Heuer1, Yuki Morono2, Masataka Kinoshita3, Yusuke Kubo4, The IODP T-Limit Project Team (1.MARUM and Department of Geosciences, University of Bremen, Germany, 2.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 3.Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo, 4.Center for Deep Earth Exploration, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology)

Keywords:IODP, Deep Subseafloor Biosphere, Nankai Trough, Limits of Life and the Biosphere, Chikyu

Determining factors that limit the biomass, diversity and activity of subseafloor microbial communities is one of the major scientific goals to be addressed by scientific ocean drilling. In the International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) T-Limit Project, we will drill and core at new boreholes using the drilling vessel Chikyu in the immediate vicinity of the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Sites 1173 and 1174 off Cape Muroto in the central Nankai Trough, Japan, where anomalously high heat flow regimes observed at both sites result in in-situ temperatures up to 110 to 140°C at the sediment-basement interface. While the upper temperature limit of cultured microbes appears well constrained at relatively energy-rich hydrothermal vent systems at around 120°C, it remains unknown in energy-starved sedimentary subseafloor settings but is generally presumed to be lower, and thus expected to be covered by the target sites. Due to their location in the trench outer margin (Site 1173) and landward protothrust zone of the Nankai Trough accretionary prism (Site 1174), the selected sites have different geotectonic and thermal histories that resulted in contrasting biogeochemical modes of hydrocarbon gas production and consumption. During the T-Limit Project, we aim to comprehensively study (1) the factors that control biomass, activity and diversity of sedimentary microbial life in a temperature window that likely encompasses the biotic-abiotic transition, the so-called “biotic fringe”, (2) the relationship between geogenic release of water and potential substrates that support microbial activities, and (3) to determine the chemical and physical characteristics of sediments that define habitable conditions for deep subseafloor life.