3:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[MIS16-P12] Thermal structure of the Nankai accretionary prism estimated by vitirinite reflectance of carbonaceous material
Keywords:accretionary prism, Nankai Trough, vitrinite reflectance
Ro values of vitrinite reflectance are ~0.15 to ~0.20 in Unit III (forearc basin), 0.21 to 0.27 in Unit IV (accretionary prism), and ~0.26 to ~0.38 in Unit V (hemipelagic sediment), respectively. In general, Ro values tend to increase with depth, but several reversals of Ro suggest the existence of faults which have large displacements enough to offset paleothermal structure.
We estimated paleotemperature based on reaction rate equation of EASY%Ro (Sweeney and Burnham, 1990). Two heating duration time was assumed in the calculation: 1) depositional age of several formations by shipboard nannofossil ages, which is the maximum heating duration time, and 2) depositional age of lower forearc basin (1.67 Ma), which is minimum heating duration time. Estimated maximum paleotemperatures are 1) ~58℃ in Unit IV and ~74℃ in Unit V, 2) ~67℃ in Unit IV and ~88℃ in Unit V, respectively. These temperatures are lower than estimated modern temperatures based on borehole temperature measurements and their downward extrapolations (Sugihara et al., 2014).