Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Tue. May 24, 2016 10:45 AM - 12:15 PM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University), Chair:Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

11:15 AM - 11:30 AM

[MIS17-21] The isotopic measurements of oxygen and hydrogen in Dome-Fuji (Antarctica) ice core: Annually-resolved temperature reconstructions of the past 2000 years

*Kazuya Takahashi1, Yuko Motizuki1, Yoichi Nakai1, Hideaki Motoyama2 (1.RIKEN, 2.NIPR)

Keywords:isotope ratios of oxygen and hydrogen, temperature reconstructions of the past 2000 years, Dome-Fuji

We present annually-resolved temperature and SST (sea surface temperature) reconstructions of the past 2000 years based on water (oxygen and hydrogen) isotope measurement on a shallow ice core drilled in 2010 at Dome Fuji station, East Antarctica. Those isotopic data are expected to yield information to elucidate the past climatic condition, and they are planed to contribute to integrated efforts for the reconstruction of temperature profile of the past 2000 years, in such as PAGES 2k project.
Dome Fuji station is located on a summit of Dronning Maud Land at an altitude of 3810 m a.s.l. (above sea level) (77° 19' 01" S, 39° 42' 12" E) in East Antarctica. The 10 m depth mean snow temperature at Dome Fuji is -57.3 °C1). The inland area around Dome Fuji has been recognized to be especially unique: The snow and ice there contain much stratospheric information. The direct evidence for this comes from tritium contents originated from the nuclear bomb tests in the 1960s; the tritium fallout at the Dome Fuji site is outstandingly high among 16 snow pit samples widely collected over Antarctica2).
To date the concerned Dome Fuji ice core called DFS10, we applied volcanic signature matching to transfer the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide ice core chronology constructed by annual layer counting as used in the study by Sigl et al. (2014)3). Based on this chronology of the DFS10 ice core and the measurements of isotopic ratios of oxygen and hydrogen, we have examined the annual changes of d18O to reconstruct the temperature of the past 2000 years. In our presentation, we confine ourselves to discuss the oscillation periodicity that we observed in the oxygen isotope record in our data: The periods of approximately 10, 20, and 200 years were found. We will present the time series analyses for this in detail, and will discuss the origin of this periodicity.
1) Kameda, T., Motoyama, H., Fujita, S., and Takahashi, S.: "Past temporal and spatial variability of surface mass balance at Dome Fuji", East Antarctica, by the stake method from 1995 to 2006, J. Glaciol., 54, 107–116, 2008.
2) Fourre, E., Jean-Baptiste, P., Dapoigny, A., Baumier, D., Petit, J.-R., and Jouzel, J.: "Past and recent tritium levels in Arctic and Antarctic polar caps", Earth Planet. Sc. Lett., 245, 56–64, 2006.
3) Sigl, M., J. McConnell, M. Toohey, M. Curran, S. Das, R. Edwards, E. Isaksson, K. Kawamura, S. Kipfstuhl, K. Kruger, L. Layman, O. Maselli, Y. Motizuki, H. Motoyama, D. Pasteris, M. Severi: "Insights from Antarctica on volcanic forcing during the Common Era", Nature Climate Change, 4, 693–697, 2014.