Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University), Chair:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University)

[MIS17-33] Changes in the Oligocene planktic foraminiferal depth habitat related to thermocline deepening in the eastern equatorial Pacific

*Hiroki Matsui1, Hiroshi Nishi2, Reishi Takashima2, Azumi Kuroyanagi2, Minoru Ikehara3, Hideko Takayanagi1, Yasufumi Iryu1 (1.Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, 2.The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, Tohoku University Museum, Tohoku University, 3.Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University)

Keywords:eastern equatorial Pacific, Oligocene, depth habitat, planktic foraminifera, oxygen-carbon isotope ratio

Planktic foraminiferal depth habitat is a key to accurate reconstruction of paleoceanographic records. Oligocene-Pliocene long-ranging species Dentoglobigerina venezuelana lived in the mixed-layer (shallower) in the eastern equatorial Pacific during the early Oligocene while the same species calcified within thermocline depth (deeper) during the late Oligocene and Miocene. The exact timing of its depth habitat change and possible relationships with Oligocene climate dynamics are still unknown.
Here we reveal successive isotopic record of D. venezuelana along with Paragloborotalia siakensis group (mixed-layer dweller) by using sediments at IODP Site U1334 in the eastern equatorial Pacific throughout the Oligocene. Two-step depth habitat changes of D. venezuelana are recognized: 1) from upper to lower mixed-layer (~27.4 Ma), and 2) lower mixed-layer to thermocline depth (~26.3 Ma). In addition, planktic foraminiferal faunal assemblage also experienced significant change from dominant thermocline (deeper) species to abundant mixed-layer (shallower) species, suggesting depth habitat shifts of D. venezuelana was closely related with thermocline deepening in the eastern equatorial Pacific.
Multiple sites (Sites U1334, U1333, and 1218) comparison of first isotopic shift (~27.4 Ma) revealed southward depth habitat change of D. venezuelana within ~200 kyr, implying thermocline deepening occurred with reduced steepness in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Consequently, we advocate global warming condition during the late Oligocene likely caused thermocline deepening with upwelling decrease in the eastern equatorial Pacific, guiding D. venezuelana to adapt deeper depth in the water column.