4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[MIS17-35] Linkage between LIPs formation and environmental changes in Pacific during the Cretaceous OAE 2.
Keywords:Cretaceous, LIPS, OAE
In order to understand linkage between large volcanic eruption and environmental change during OAE 2 (94 Ma), we examined the OAE 2 intervals of the Great Valley Group and the Yezo Group exposed in California, USA and Hokkaido Japan, respectively. The former sequence was deposited in the continental slope of eastern Pacific while the latter was in the continental slope of western Pacific. The samples were analyzed for total organic carbon content (TOC), degree of pyritilization (DOP) and assemblage of benthic foraminifera. The analytical results were correlated with the Os isotope stratigraphy and U-Pb zircon ages of tuffs obtained from the same samples by Du Vivier et al. (2015). Os isotope of the studied sequences exhibit abrupt decrease 35,000 year before the onset of the OAE 2 and gradual increase 200,000 years after the onset of the OAE 2 (Du Vivier et al., 2015). Based on the results of benthic foraminifera, TOC and DOP analyses, most of the studied sequences exhibit oxic environment in both sections. However, two short term dysoxic intervals were identified. One is the interval from the onset of the OAE 2 to 50,000 year after onset of the OAE 2, and another is that from 200,000 to the 300,000 after the onset of the OAE 2. The two dysoxic intervals are identical between the western and eastern Pacific, and accord well with the horizons of increase in Os isotope ratio. These evidences suggest that increased runoff caused the depletion of dissolved oxygen in the ocean at least in the eastern and western Pacific continental margins during the OAE 2.
Du Vivier, A. D. C., Selby, D., Condon, D.J., Takashima, R., Nishi, H., 2015. Pacific 187Os/188Os isotope chemistry and U–Pb geochronology: Synchroneity of global Os isotope change across OAE 2. Earth Planetary Science Letters, 428, p. 204-216.
Monteiro, F. M., Pancost, R. D., Ridgwell, A., Donnadieu, Y., 2012. Nutrients as the dominant control on the spread of anoxia and euxinia across the Cenomanian-Turonian oceanic anoxic event (OAE2): Model-data comparison. Paleoceanography, 27, PA4209, doi:10.1029/2012PA002351.
Snow, L. J., Duncan, R. A., Bralower, T. J. (2005) Trace element abundances in the Rock Canyon Anticline, Pueblo, Colorado, marine sedimentary section and their relationship to Caribbean plateau construction and oxygen anoxic event 2. Paleoceanography, 20, PA3005, doi:10.1029/2004PA001093.