Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Tue. May 24, 2016 3:30 PM - 5:00 PM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University), Chair:Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University)

4:30 PM - 4:45 PM

[MIS17-35] Linkage between LIPs formation and environmental changes in Pacific during the Cretaceous OAE 2.

*Hiroshi Nishi1, Reishi Takashima1 (1.The Center for Academic Resources and Archives, The Tohoku Museum Tohoku University)

Keywords:Cretaceous, LIPS, OAE

Mid Cretaceous period (120-90 Ma) is characterized by the greatest value in the rate of ocean crust production over the past 150 million years. During this period, a lot of Large Igneous Provinces (LIPs) were emplaced in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans. Since the emplacement ages of the Cretaceous LIPs are concurrent with the Oceanic Anoxic Events (OAEs), various hypotheses explaining the linkage between the LIPs and OAEs have been proposed since the end of 1980’s. A popular hypothesis attributes the high productivity and thereby ocean anoxia to the increased supply of biolimiting metals into photic zone during the LIPs formation (e.g., Snow et al., 2005). Another hypothesis explains the reason of increased productivity that elevated sea level as well as pCO2 by LIPs eruption caused increase in global warming and continental runoff, which delivered terrestrial nutrient to ocean surface (e.g., Monteiro et al., 2012).
In order to understand linkage between large volcanic eruption and environmental change during OAE 2 (94 Ma), we examined the OAE 2 intervals of the Great Valley Group and the Yezo Group exposed in California, USA and Hokkaido Japan, respectively. The former sequence was deposited in the continental slope of eastern Pacific while the latter was in the continental slope of western Pacific. The samples were analyzed for total organic carbon content (TOC), degree of pyritilization (DOP) and assemblage of benthic foraminifera. The analytical results were correlated with the Os isotope stratigraphy and U-Pb zircon ages of tuffs obtained from the same samples by Du Vivier et al. (2015). Os isotope of the studied sequences exhibit abrupt decrease 35,000 year before the onset of the OAE 2 and gradual increase 200,000 years after the onset of the OAE 2 (Du Vivier et al., 2015). Based on the results of benthic foraminifera, TOC and DOP analyses, most of the studied sequences exhibit oxic environment in both sections. However, two short term dysoxic intervals were identified. One is the interval from the onset of the OAE 2 to 50,000 year after onset of the OAE 2, and another is that from 200,000 to the 300,000 after the onset of the OAE 2. The two dysoxic intervals are identical between the western and eastern Pacific, and accord well with the horizons of increase in Os isotope ratio. These evidences suggest that increased runoff caused the depletion of dissolved oxygen in the ocean at least in the eastern and western Pacific continental margins during the OAE 2.
Du Vivier, A. D. C., Selby, D., Condon, D.J., Takashima, R., Nishi, H., 2015. Pacific 187Os/188Os isotope chemistry and U–Pb geochronology: Synchroneity of global Os isotope change across OAE 2. Earth Planetary Science Letters, 428, p. 204-216.
Monteiro, F. M., Pancost, R. D., Ridgwell, A., Donnadieu, Y., 2012. Nutrients as the dominant control on the spread of anoxia and euxinia across the Cenomanian-Turonian oceanic anoxic event (OAE2): Model-data comparison. Paleoceanography, 27, PA4209, doi:10.1029/2012PA002351.
Snow, L. J., Duncan, R. A., Bralower, T. J. (2005) Trace element abundances in the Rock Canyon Anticline, Pueblo, Colorado, marine sedimentary section and their relationship to Caribbean plateau construction and oxygen anoxic event 2. Paleoceanography, 20, PA3005, doi:10.1029/2004PA001093.