Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS17-P10] Paleoenvironmental records in sclerosponges from the Ryukyu Islands, Japan

*Ryuji Asami1, Taketo Matsumori2, Shinji Ishihara1, Akira Kinjo1, Tohru Naruse3, Masaru Mizuyama2, Yuji Ise4, Takashi Sakamaki5 (1.Department of Physics and Earth Sciences, University of the Ryukyus, 2.Graduate School of Engineering and Science, University of the Ryukyus, 3.Tropical Biosphere Research Center, University of the Ryukyus, 4.Graduate School of Science, Nagoya University, 5.School of Engineering, Tohoku University)

Keywords:sclerosponge, skeleton, oxygen isotope composition, carbon isotope composition, paleocean, the Ryukyu Islands

Sclerosponges, living in dark environments of tropical to subtropical shallow oceans, precipitate calcium carbonate skeleton with growth bands. They grow slowly at an approximate rate of <1 mm/year unlike corals (~1 cm/year) but can be so long-lived for several decades to hundred of years like corals. Skeletal oxygen isotopic ratios reflect variations in sea surface temperature and seawater with the latter being closely related to salinity reflecting the precipitation–evaporation balance at the sea surface and changes in water mass transport. In contrast to zooxanthellate corals, which occasionally show positive correlations between skeletal oxygen and carbon isotopic ratios, there do not exist vital effects in the secretion of sclerosponge skeleton. Previous studies showed significant decrease trends in the carbon isotope records of sclerosponges and corals toward the present, which is probably a result of isotopically-light carbon dioxide had been added into the atmosphere/ocean from fossil fuel burning. Therefore, sclerosponges are shown to provide annually resolved time series of proxy records of the ocean environments since the Industrial Revolution. However, longer (>100 year) proxy records from sclerosponges were derived only from material examined from the Atlantic Ocean. Here we present oxygen and carbon isotope records from sclerosponges collected from Kume-jima, Okinawa-jima, and Miyako-jima, the Ryukyu Islands in the North Pacific. Soft X-ray images showed highly developed skeletal growth bands with >100 high/low density layers. The secular changes in carbon isotopic composition of the sclerosponges were consistent with previously reported data from the Atlantic and the Pacific corals and sclerosponges. The long-term oxygen isotopic trends of the samples are characterized by slight depletions throughout their living periods, indicative of an overall trend toward warmer ocean environment around the Ryukyu Islands. Our sclerosponge-based estimates of the sea surface temperature and salinity may document thermal and hydrologic variations in the Ryukyu Islands, furthering a better understanding of northwestern tropical-subtropical Pacific climate change for the last several centuries in conjunction with coral-based long proxy records.