Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS17-P18] How did climate variations affect rice yields in Early Modern Japan? – comparison between tree-ring oxygen isotope data and Menjo (tax bill) records

*Masaki Sano1, Kaoru Kamatani1, Takeshi Nakatsuka1 (1.Research Institute for Humanity and Nature)

Keywords:tree ring, historical document, rice yield

Recent progress in paleoclimatology enables us to investigate how climate changes affected society in the past, in collaboration with historical documents and/or archeological records. For example, Buckley et al. (2010) show that multi-decadal variations in hydroclimate are considered to be a contributing factor in the demise of Angkor. However, it is challenging to investigate how climate changes affected crop yields, which are directly linked to human life.
In the present study, we explored the relationship between climate variations and rice yields using tree-ring oxygen isotope ratios and Menjo (tax bill sent from a local load) records in Early Modern Japan. A tree-ring oxygen isotope chronology was established using several trees collected from central Japan. By comparing with instrumental climate data, the chronology showed a significant negative correlation with summer precipitation and relative humidity. On the other hand, annual rice yields were estimated using Menjo records collected from a total of four villages, which were located along lakefront of Biwa Lake. Specifically, numerical data of Nokoridata, which is closely related to rice yield, were extracted from the Menjo records.
The tree-ring oxygen isotope data showed a significant positive correlation with mean rice yields estimated from Menjo records of four villages, indicating that increase in precipitation leaded to rising lake level of Biwa Lake, which in turn resulted in reduction of rice yields due to floods of crop fields.
Buckley, B. M., K. J. Anchukaitis, D. Penny, R. Fletcher, E. R. Cook, M. Sano, L. C. Nam, A. Wichienkeeo, T. T. Minh, and T. M. Hong (2010), Climate as a contributing factor in the demise of Angkor, Cambodia, PNAS, 107, 6748-6752.