Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS17-P24] Comparison between fossil diatom assemblages and algal biomarkers in modern sediments from Seto Inland Sea.

*Kotaro Hirose1, Hideto Nakamura2, Takuto Ando2, Satoshi Asaoka1, Ken Sawada2 (1.Research Center for Inland Seas & Department of Planetology, Kobe University, 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido Univ.)

Keywords:diatom assemblage, algal biomarker, modern sediment, coastal area, Seto Inland Sea, human-induced eutrophication

Microalgae play an important role as a primary producer, and are known as useful environmental indicators in the hydrospheric ecosystem. However, most of the microalgae except diatom have decomposable tests and are hardly preserved in the sediment so that it is difficult to reconstruct their temporal change. Organic molecules (biomarkers) are recently used as another indicator to evaluate the dynamics of primary producers and to reconstruct paleoenvironments. There, however, has few investigations for correlations between monitoring data for algal production, fossil assemblage, and biomarker compositions in the field. Seto Inland Sea underwent human-induced, eutrophication after the WWII, and drastic change of eutrophication was well recorded in the sediment. In the present study, we investigate the fossil diatom abundances and biomarker concentrations in surface and subsurface sediment cores from Seto Inland Sea. The cores were taken from Osaka Bay and Harima-nada Bay (eastern part of Seto Inland Sea), in which lengths are 20 cm and 40 cm, respectively. These cores are divided and analyzed in every 5 cm (12 samples). Although the precise age of the core has not been determined yet, it could be deposited for several decades, according to the sedimentation rates by previous study (Yasuhara et al., 2007).
Diatomaceous species such as small Thalassiosira spp. and Neodelphyneis pelagica, which were reported by previous study (Hirose et al., 2008), are observed as the dominant taxa in all samples. The valve contents (valves / 1 g dry sediment) are higher in sediments from the Osaka Bay than Harima-nada Bay, indicating variations of their productivity. The vertical distribution of valve content show a increasing trend reflecting eutrophication in Harima-nada, on the other hand, it doesn’t show clear trend in Osak Bay. To the contrary, the concentrations of steroids (except dinoflagellate-derived dinosterols), which are synthesized in eukaryotic microalgae, are higher in Harima-nada Bay than Osaka Bay, and decrease toward the upper layers. Futhermore, highly branched isoprenoids (HBIs), which are biomarkers of specific diatom taxa, shows very similar distributions to those of fossil diatoms. These results suggest the effect of productivity of other algal taxa that are hardly preserved in the sediment as fossils, and the different process of diagenesis of diatom valves and organic molecules. We also discuss the detailed characteristics of each diatom taxa and biomarker molecules which are contained in specific taxa.
Yasuhara et al., 2007., Limnol. Oceano. 69, 225-239.
Hirose et al., 2008 The Quat. Res. (Daiyonki-Kenkyu; in Japanese). 47, 273-285.