Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS17-P28] Multi-elemental data structure of the Indian Ocean deep-sea sediments recording the early Eocene hyperthermals

★Invited papers

*Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Kentaro Nakamura1, Yasuhiro Kato1,2,3, Minoru Ikehara4 (1.School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2.Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.JAMSTEC, 4.Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University)

Keywords:deep-sea sediment, Indian Ocean, climate change, hyperthermals, Independent Component Analysis

Multiple transient global warming events occurred during the early Paleogene. The most prominent of these events was the Paleocene-Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) at ~56 Ma, which is characterized by a rapid and extreme global warming by 5-8°C, severe ocean acidification, and a distinct negative carbon isotope excursion in the marine and terrestrial realm. In addition, several PETM-like global warming episodes called ‘hyperthermals’ during the early Eocene period (56-52 Ma), accompanying rapid and pronounced negative excursions in the carbon isotopic composition (δ13C), have also been recognized worldwide recently.
Here we have constructed a comprehensive geochemical data set including major- and trace-element contents, δ13C, and CaCO3 contents of 250 bulk sediment samples taken from ODP Sites 738 and 752, both located in the Indian Ocean. The analytical results show that the sediments of these cores record multiple carbon isotope excursions and reductions of carbonate contents, probably corresponding to the PETM and some of the early Eocene hyperthermals. We apply Independent Component Analysis to the compositional data matrix, and describe the fundamental structure of the multi-elemental data set on the basis of the extracted geochemical independent components.