Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS17] Paleoclimatology and paleoceanography

Mon. May 23, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tomohisa Irino(Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University), Minoru Ikehara(Center for Advanced Marine Core Research, Kochi University), Akira Oka(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Yusuke Okazaki(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science, Kyushu University), Ikuko Kitaba(Research Centre for Palaleoclimatology, Ritsumeikan University), Akihisa Kitamura(Institute of Geosciences, Faculty of Science, Shizuoka University), Masaki Sano(Research Institute for Humanity and Nature), Ryuji Tada(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The Univeristy of Tokyo), Takeshi Nakagawa(Ritsumeikan University), Akira Hayashida(Department of Environmental Systems Science, Doshisha University)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS17-P30] Paleoceanographic reconstruction using siliceous microfossils from the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean

*Yuji Kato1, Saki Ishino1, Itsuki Suto1 (1.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University)

Keywords:the Southern Ocean, diatom, resting spore, chrysophyte cysts, ODP, DSDP

Abundant siliceous microfossils such as diatoms are often found from the Neogene–Quaternary sediments in the Southern Ocean, therefore, the fossil diatoms give us important information of environmental changes in the past. However, paleoceanographic studies based on diatom analysis that focus on the long-term paleoenvironmental changes are very rare, whereas most studies have dealt with the Last Glacial Maximum and Holocene environments. Furthermore, the other siliceous microfossils such as diatom Chaetoceros resting spores and chrysophyte cysts seem to be useful paleoenvironmental indicators to reconstruct changes in the upwelling system and to assess the influence of freshwater to the Southern Ocean.
In this study, the changes in the microfossil assemblages of ‘normal’ diatoms, Chaetoceros resting spores and chrysophyte cysts are investigated in order to estimate a long-term trend of paleoceanographic changes (e.g., changes in sea-ice distribution, and location and strength of upwelling and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current system) around the Southern Ocean. In the current presentation, we would like to present and discuss on the paleontological data derived from the ODP Site 689 and DSDP Site 513 materials (Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean).