3:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[MIS26-P02] Consideration of Wind Effects on the Eruption Source for the Lapilli Fall Prediction
Keywords:Atmospheric Transport Model, eruption source parameter, effects of wind, lapilli, volcanic ashes, Volcanic Ash Fall Forecast
In order to address this problem, we observed the wind around Sakurajima volcano with Aerological Observatory’s Doppler LIDAR (Hoshino et al., this volume) and have been improving of the eruption source of the RATM in the joint research of the Meteorological Research Institute and the Kagoshima Local Meteorological Office (FY2014-16). Instead of currently used empirical model of eruption source by Suzuki (1983), we consider the effects of wind especially for weak plume case based on the following methods; (i) not change the vertical distribution (i.e. Suzuki distribution) of volcanic ashes and lapilli, and (ii) shift only the horizontal distribution of them with wind GPVs according to Ida (2014). In this presentation, we will show the verifications of volcanic-ash and lapilli fall predictions for case studies of the eruptions at Sakurajima volcano in 2013, Kuchinoerabujima volcano in 2015 and so on.
Researches on the eruption column considering wind effects have been done by more sophisticated models, for example, BENT (Bursik, 2001), SK-3D (Suzuki and Koyaguchi, 2015) and JMA-NHM (Hashimoto et al., this volume). In order to apply the results of these physical models to the initial conditions of the operational RATM, under various weather conditions, it is required to make an eruption source immediately from observables for any active volcanoes in Japan. Therefore we consider that the eruption source including wind effects in this research is impermanent and provide a bridge from empirical models to physical ones. Furthermore improvements of eruption source make more accurate first guess in the volcanic-ash data assimilation system (Ishii et al., this volume) inputted the data observed by weather radars (e.g. Sato et al., this volume) and Himawari-8 (e.g. Hayashi et al., this volume).
Bursik, M., 2001: Effect of wind on the rise height of volcanic plumes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 28, 3621-3624.
Hasegawa, Y., A. Sugai, Yo. Hayashi, Yu. Hayashi, S. Saito and T. Shimbori, 2015: Improvements of Volcanic Ash Fall Forecasts issued by the Japan Meteorological Agency. J. Appl. Volcanol., 4: 2.
Ida, Y., 2014: Introduction to Simulation of Natural Disasters. Asakura Pub., pp. 139-154.
JMA, 2013: Report of the Working Group on Advanced VAFF, p. 259.
Sugai, A., H. Kuroki, Yo. Hayashi and T. Shimbori, 2015: New operation of the Volcanic Ash Fall Forecasts (VAFFs). Proc. Volcanol. Soc. Japan, 155.
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Suzuki, Y. J. and T. Koyaguchi, 2015: Effects of wind on entrainment efficiency in volcanic plumes. J. Geophys. Res., 120, 6122-6140.