Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS34] The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake and related crustal activities

Wed. May 25, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS34-P04] Focal mechanisms of 2016 Kumamoto earthquake activity and its relation to the stress field (preliminary report)

*Satoshi Matsumoto1, Yusuke Yamashita2, Manami Nakamoto1, Masahiro Miyazaki2, Shin'ichi Sakai3, Yoshihisa Iio2, Group for urgent joint seismic observation of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake (1.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 2.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 3.Earthuake Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

Keywords:2016Kumamoto earthquake, focal mechanisms, stress field

The 2016 Kumamoto earthquake occurred in middle Kyushu Island, Japan where stress field is in strike-slip or normal fault regime. The minimum principal compression stress (s3), with its near north–south trend, is dominant throughout the entire region. In this study, we determined focal mechanisms related to the seismic activity from first P wave polarity data by urgent seismic observation deployed in the hypocentral area.
Generally, the earthquakes in strike-slip and normal fault types occurred around focal area, indicating maximum principal stress is similar magnitude to moderate one as suggested by the result of stress tensor inversion by Matsumoto et al. (2015). The focal mechanisms show spatial and temporal variation during the activity. The solution for main shock (M7.3) reveals different strike angle from centroid moment tensor solution by F-net (NIED). This suggests the mainshock rupture change its direction to the Futagawa fault.
In addition, the result is indicative of change in stress condition associated with the occurrence of the main shock (M7.3) around Futagawa and Hinagu faults.
We also used seismic waveform data at stations operated by Kyushu, Kyoto, Kagoshima Universities, JMA, and NIED. This study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, under its Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program.This work is partly supported by MEXT KAKENHI Grant Number16H06298.