Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-IS Intersection

[M-IS34] The 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake and related crustal activities

Thu. May 26, 2016 3:30 PM - 4:45 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MIS34-P07] Time evolution of the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake I

*Masahiro Miyazaki1, Satoshi Matsumoto2, Yoshihisa Iio1, Yusuke Yamashita1, Hiroshi Shimizu2, Takeshi Matsushima2, Manami Nakamoto2, Kazunari Uchida2, Megumi Kamizono3, Group for urgent joint seismic observation of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake Group for urgent joint seismic observation of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake (1.Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, 2.Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University, 3.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Sciences, Kyushu University)

Keywords:the 2016 Kumamoto Earthquake, seismic activty, non-volcanic tremor, Futagawa-Hinagu fault zone , hypocenter distribution, urgent joint seismic observation

Mjma6.5 event was occurred on the Northeast part of the Hinagu fault zone on 14 April 2016. Aftter about 28 hours, Mjma 7.3 event occurred on the Futagawa fault zone and triggered seismic activities happened at the Northeast part of the Mt. Aso and near Beppu city. From the spreading source region and its magnitudes, it seemed that the first Mjma6.5 event was foreshock and the Mjma 7.3 event was main shock. However, time evolution of the sequence must be discussed to reveal the relation of the two events.

In this study, we detected after shocks events using the Matched-filter technique (Gibbons and Ringdal, 2006; Shelly et al., 2007) in the continuous records. We mainly selected the events that occurred deeper part of the fault zones as templates and use the temporal observation data including the network just above the aftershock region. Using that datasets, we could distinguish among the events that were close to each other in time and space.

We obtained the results as follows. First, the number of the detected events was higher than the regions surrounded by the foreshock and the aftershock rather than other region. In addition, activity rates of the detected events in the inner region were higher than that of outer region. These suggested that foreshock activities at the deeper part of the fault zones was affected to the occurrence of the main shock. Second, numbers of detected events that using the templates between the foreshock and the main shock was decrease after the main shock. We considered two reasons as follows. One is the effect of the migration of active area. The other is that the stress field and/or structures surrounding fault zones were disturbed by the main shock.

In addition, we investigated the influence to the non-volcanic tremor occurred at the southwestern part of the Hinagu fault zone (Miyazaki et al., 2015; Chao and Obara, 2016). We found that tremors were activated after the large events. Long term activity rates were seems to be unchanged before the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake. Activities at the seismogenic zone above the tremor sources were relatively lower than that of other regions. These suggested that magnitude of the direct influences from the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes was small. However, we need careful observation to reveal the effect to the whole Hinagu fault zone.

We use the dataset recorded at Kyushu University, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED) and Group for urgent joint seismic observation of the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake. This study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, under its Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program.This work is partly supported by MEXT KAKENHI Grant Number16H06298. and Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo under Joint Usage Program.

Chao, K., and K. Obara (2016), Triggered tectonic tremor in various types of fault systems of Japan following the 2012 Mw8.6 Sumatra earthquake, J. Geophys. Res. Solid Earth, 121, 170–187, doi:10.1002/2015JB012566.

Gibbons, S. J., and F. Ringdal (2006), The detection of low magnitude seismic events using array-based waveform correlation, Geophysical Journal International, 165(1), 149-166, doi: 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02865.x.

Miyazaki, M., S. Matsumoto, and H. Shimizu (2015), Triggered tremors beneath the seismogenic zone of an active fault zone, Kyushu, Japan,
Earth Planets Space, 67, 179, doi:10.1186/s40623-015-0346-4.

Shelly, D. R., S. Ide, and G. C. Beroza (2007), Non-volcanic tremor and low-frequency earthquake swarms, Nature, 446(7133), 305-307, doi: 10.1038/nature05666.