Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT27] New frontier of data analysis in geoscience: Data-driven approach

Sun. May 22, 2016 1:45 PM - 3:15 PM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Tatsu Kuwatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takeshi Komai(none), Hideaki Miyamoto(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo), Katsuaki Koike(Laboratory of Environmental Geosphere Engineering, Department of Urban Management, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University), Takane Hori(R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiromichi Nagao(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo), Chair:Masaoki Uno(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University), Peng Hong(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo)

2:30 PM - 2:45 PM

[MTT27-04] Statistically independent components controlling enrichment of rare-earth elements in deep-sea sediments

*Kazutaka Yasukawa1,2, Kentaro Nakamura1, Koichiro Fujinaga2,1, Hikaru Iwamori3,4, Yasuhiro Kato1,2,3 (1.School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 2.Chiba Institute of Technology, 3.JAMSTEC, 4.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords: deep-sea sediment, REY-rich mud, Independent Component Analysis

Rare-earth elements and yttrium (REY) are critical materials that are indispensable in high-tech devices and green technology applications including electric vehicles, smart phones, LED bulbs, wind power generation, and so on. Recently, deep-sea sediments highly enriched in REY, known as REY-rich mud, have been discovered in the Pacific and the Indian oceans (Kato et al., 2011; Yasukawa et al., 2014, 2015). Because of their huge potential economic value as a new resource for REY, it is becoming an important issue to understand the origin of REY-rich mud.
Elucidating the controlling factors of REY-enrichment in deep-sea sediments is key in finding areas of high resource potential worthy of detailed exploration and for revealing latent relationships between the Earth’s system and marine mineral resources. Here we construct a hemisphere-scale compositional dataset of ~4,000 bulk sediment samples from more than 100 sites in the Pacific and the Indian oceans, and we apply Independent Component Analysis originally established in the fields of neuroscience and information science in 1990s, to the huge, multi-elemental data matrix. As a result, we successfully extract the statistically independent geochemical signatures including components controlling the REY-enrichment in deep-sea sediments. The features of the REY-controlling components, including hydrothermal, hydrogenous, and biogenic calcium phosphate components, indicate that an underlying key factor of significant REY-enrichment is a sufficiently low sedimentation rate that enables the mud to accumulate REY from the overlying seawater.
-- References --
Kato, Y. et al. (2011) Nature Geoscience 4, 535-539.
Yasukawa, K. et al. (2014) Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 93, 25-36.
Yasukawa, K. et al. (2015) Geochemical Journal 49, 621-635.