4:30 PM - 4:45 PM
[MTT27-10] Preliminary spatial modeling of ore grades over a deposit by a combination of geostatistics and physical law
Keywords: Kuroko, kriging, advection-diffusion equation, copper grade, ore-solution path
After semivariogram analysis to clarify the spatial correlation structure of the metal data, kriging and sequential Gaussian simulation were used to produce a 3D spatial model of ore grade. Assuming that the transport of ore solutions and the deposition of metals are approximated by an advective-diffusion spread phenomenon, theoretical solution of an advective-diffusion equation was applied to the ore grade data by solving unknown parameters such as advective velocity and diffusion coefficient. Then, ore grades over the study area were assigned from the physical model. Finally, geostatistical and physical models were combined by a kriging technique so that the calculated ore grades by these models were coincident with the sample grade data. The combined model shows roughly main paths of ore solutions, which may contributes to interpret the deposit formation process. Our next step is a multi-scale spatial modeling by extracting and characterizing distributions of sulfide minerals in kuroko ore samples.
Acknowledgments: The authors wish to express their gratitude to Dowa Metals & Mining Co., Ltd. and Hanaoka Eco-System Co., Ltd. for providing the precious drilling investigation materials and cooperating to organize them.
Yamada, R. and Yoshida, T. (2013) Kuroko deposits and related back-arc volcanism in the Hokuroku district, Jour. Geol. Soc. Japan, v. 119, Supplement, p. 168-179.