Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT27] New frontier of data analysis in geoscience: Data-driven approach

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Tatsu Kuwatani(Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Takeshi Komai(none), Hideaki Miyamoto(The University Museum, The University of Tokyo), Katsuaki Koike(Laboratory of Environmental Geosphere Engineering, Department of Urban Management, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University), Takane Hori(R&D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Hiromichi Nagao(Earthquake Research Institute, The University of Tokyo)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MTT27-P03] Geodetic inversion for spatial distribution of slow earthquakes under sparsity constraint (Fused Lasso)

*Ryoko Nakata1, Hideitsu Hino2, Tatsu Kuwatani3, Masato Okada4, Takane Hori1 (1.R & D Center for Earthquake and Tsunami, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 2.University of Tsukuba, Japan, 3.Department of Solid Earth Geochemistry, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, 4.Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, University of Tokyo)

In geodetic data inversion, insufficient observational data and smoothness constraints for model parameters make it difficult to clearly resolve small-scale heterogeneous structures with discontinuous boundaries. Therefore, we have developed a novel regularization scheme for the inversion problem that uses smoothness, discontinuity, and sparsity constraints [Nakata et al., 2016]. We have applied the inversion method to synthetic displacements due to the simulated afterslip on the plate interface. The method accurately reproduces the slip distribution. However, the proposed method have some problems in terms of calculation cost and applicability. Then, we are now improving the method to treat more realistic and larger scale problem than our previous study. We are investigating other mathematical algorithms as the sparsity constraint, such as Fused Lasso, Adaptive Lasso, and Relaxed Lasso for evaluation function. And we prepare analyzing realistic displacement data observed at GEONET stations around the Bungo channel on 1997, 2003, and 2010. By using an improving method, we will show inversion results using sparsity constraint for the three slow slip events occurred beneath the Bungo channel.