Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT28] Frontiers in Geochemistry : Prospect for geochemistry and cosmochemistry in future

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Yusuke Yokoyama(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chair:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama, Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

10:00 AM - 10:15 AM

[MTT28-05] 147Sm-143Nd and 146Sm-142Nd chronology of basaltic eucrites

*Saya Kagami1, Tetsuya Yokoyama1, Tomohiro Usui1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:basaltic eucrites, Sm-Nd chronology, whole-rock isochron, Vesta

Eucrites are interpreted to have originated from the asteroid 4-Vesta’s crust. They are petrographically classified into basaltic and cumulate eucrites. Determination of precise ages for eucrites will constrain the period of igneous activity and the following thermal metamorphism of Vesta and may further provide insights into its differentiation and thermal history. Sm-Nd dating is one of the most suitable approaches for investigating the crust crystallization age. The Sm-Nd systematics has two chronometers: the long-lived 147Sm-143Nd (T1/2 = 1.06×1011 y) and the short-lived 146Sm-142Nd (T1/2 = 1.03×108 y [1]) systematics. Bouvier et al. [2] revealed that the variation of Sm/Nd ratios for basaltic eucrites were several times smaller than the entire range of Sm/Nd ratios for all eucrites, making it difficult for obtaining the precise Sm-Nd whole-rock isochron age for basaltic eucrites alone.
In this study, we determine the 147Sm-143Nd and 146Sm-142Nd ages for bulk rocks of basaltic eucrites, (NWA 7188, Juvinas, NWA 5229, Nuevo Laredo and Agoult). The samples were decomposed with HF, HClO4 and HNO3. After the sample digestion, ~10% of the solution was removed and mixed with the 149Sm- and 145Nd-enriched spikes. The spiked solution was passed through TRU Resin (Eichrom) for separating REEs from the matrix elements. We measured the 145Nd/146Nd and 147Sm/149Sm ratios in the sample separated for determining the Sm/Nd ratios by ID-ICP-MS (X-series Ⅱ, Thermo) [3]. The remainder of the sample solution was used for highly precise Nd isotope analysis. The Nd was separated by a three-step column chemistry procedure; 1) major elements were removed by passing through a cation exchange resin, 2) Ce was removed using Ln Resin (Eichrom) by oxidizing Ce3+ into Ce4+ using KBrO3 [4,5], and 3) Nd was separated from Sm using Ln Resin [3]. We achieved Ce/Nd = ~1.2×10-5 and Sm/Nd = ~5.2×10-6 with >92% Nd recovery. The 142Nd/144Nd and 143Nd/144Nd ratios were analyzed by TIMS at Tokyo Tech (TRITON plus) with the dynamic multicollection method [6].
The whole-rock isochron ages of five basaltic eucrites yielded the 146Sm-142Nd and 147Sm-143Nd ages of 4565 +41 -58 Ma and 4529 ± 260 Ma, respectively. Although the error of the isochron is relatively large, the whole-rock 146Sm-142Nd age of basaltic eucrites is indistinguishable from that of cumulate eucrites obtained previously (4556 +30 -37 Ma). This implies that the whole-rock Sm-Nd isochron ages for basaltic and cumulate eucrites most likely represent the timing of global differentiation of the silicate part of Vesta. It is important to note that the timing of global silicate differentiation is nearly contemporaneous to the timing of metal-silicate segregation in the eucrite parent body deduced from the age obtained by the 182Hf-182W systematics [7]. The result supports an idea that eucrites formed by equilibrium and fractional crystallization of silicate part of the parent body immediately after a magma ocean.
[1] Marks, N. E. et al. (2014) EPSL, 405, 15–24. [2] Bouvier, A. et al. (2015) Meteoritics & Planet. Sci., 50, 1896–1911. [3] Kagami, S. and Yokoyama, T. (2015) Goldschmidt, Abstract #3177. [4] Tazoe, H. et al. (2007) JAAS, 22, 616–622. [5] Hirahara, Y. et al. (2012) JAMSTEC Rep, 15, 27–33. [6] Fukai, R. et al. (2015) Goldschmidt, Abstract #4031. [7] Kleine, T. et al. (2004) GCA, 68 2935–2946.