Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT28] Frontiers in Geochemistry : Prospect for geochemistry and cosmochemistry in future

Sun. May 22, 2016 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM A04 (APA HOTEL&RESORT TOKYO BAY MAKUHARI)

Convener:*Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Yusuke Yokoyama(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Chair:Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama, Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

[MTT28-06] Nucleosynthetic Strontium isotope variability in Allende CAIs

*Kunihiro Myojo1, Tetsuya Yokoyama1, Shigeyuki Wakaki2, naoji sugiura (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2.Kochi Institute for Core Sample Research, JAMSTEC)

Keywords:CAI, Isotope

Calcium and aluminum rich inclusions (CAIs) are composed of refractory mineral such as melilite, spinel or pyroxene and thought to be the first condensates in the early solar system. Most CAIs possess a variety of nucleosynthetic isotope anomalies for heavy elements. Brennecka et al. [1] reported that Sr, Mo, Ba, Nd and Sm isotope composition in CAIs were uniform, yet distinct from the solar system average compositions. However, most of previous studies analyzed "bulk" CAIs without detailed mineral description. CAIs are composed of various mineral assemblages depending on the environment and/or the timing of individual CAI formation. The difference of mineral assemblages can be observed even within a single CAI. Therefore, it is important to determine the isotope compositions of heavy elements not only for different types of CAIs, but also of multiple spots within a single CAI with detailed mineral description.
In this study, we performed in-situ measurements of 84Sr/86Sr ratios in two Allende CAIs using TIMS (Triton-plus, Tokyo Tech) coupled with a micro milling system (Geomill 326, Izumo) together with detailed mineral descriptions using SEM-EDS (JSM-5310, Univ. of Tokyo and Hitachi 3400, Tokyo Tech). Three specimens of the Allende meteorite were sliced into two respective slabs of which one sides were used for mineralogical analysis and the other sides were used for Sr isotope analysis. We selected three relatively large CAI grains; a cm-size fluffy type A (FTA) CAI, a type B CAI and a fine-grained spinel-rich (FS) inclusion. Using the micro-milling system, we sampled 8 spots from the FTA CAI, 3 spots from type B and 3 spots from the FS inclusion for the analysis of 84Sr/86Sr ratios. Samples were decomposed in a pressure digestion system (Digestec DAB-2, Berghof) with HF and HNO3. Sr separation for high precision isotope measurement was achieved by column chemistry with extraction chromatographic resin (Sr spec, Eichrom).
The mean m84Sr values (106 relative deviations from NIST 987) were 175 ppm for FTA, 129 ppm for type B and 56 ppm for the FS inclusion, respectively. Notably, one spot from the FTA CAI showed the greatest m84Sr value (273 ± 21 ppm) compared to those of CAIs ever reported. Assuming that FTA CAI predates type B CAI and the FS inclusion, our results would imply that the extent of Sr isotope anomaly in the CAI-forming region was large and heterogeneous at the earlier stage, which subsequently shifted towards low and relatively homogeneous m84Sr values when type B CAI and FS inclusion formed. The isotopic shift was most likely caused by the effective mixing of nebular dusts including p- and/or r-process-enriched carries (i.e., high m84Sr) and isotopically normal grains.
References: [1] Brennecka et al. (2013) PNAS, 110, 17241.