Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2016

Presentation information


Symbol M (Multidisciplinary and Interdisciplinary) » M-TT Technology & Techniques

[M-TT28] Frontiers in Geochemistry : Prospect for geochemistry and cosmochemistry in future

Sun. May 22, 2016 5:15 PM - 6:30 PM Poster Hall (International Exhibition Hall HALL6)

Convener:*Hajime Obata(Marine inorganic chemistry division, Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo), Hirochika Sumino(Department of Basic Science, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo), Tetsuya Yokoyama(Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology), Takafumi Hirata(Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University), Urumu Tsunogai(Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University), Yoshio Takahashi(Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo), Shogo Tachibana(Department of Natural History Scieces, Hokkaido University), Katsuhiko Suzuki(Research and Development Center for Submarine Resources, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology), Gen Shimoda(Geological Survey of Japan, AIST), Hiroyuki Kagi(Geochemical Research Center, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo), Yusuke Yokoyama(Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute, University of Tokyo)

5:15 PM - 6:30 PM

[MTT28-P04] Nucleosynthetic Yb isotope anomalies in chondrites

*Tetsuya Yokoyama1, Masaki Nakahara1, Ryota Fukai1 (1.Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology)

Keywords:isotope anomalies, chondrite, Yb

Recent studies on high precision isotope analyses for bulk aliquots of meteorites discovered the existence of planetary scale nucleosynthetic isotope variabilities for a variety of elements (e.g., Cr, Sr, Mo, Ru) [1-4]. By contrast, some elements (Hf, W, and Os) do not show such anomalies at the current level of analytical precision [5-7]. The processes responsible for generating the isotopic heterogeneity/homogeneity in the early Solar System are not fully resolved yet, however, two plausible models have been proposed to account for the isotopic characteristics recorded in meteorites. The first model considers nebular thermal processing which caused selective destruction of thermally weak-isotopically anomalous carriers, followed by subsequent physical separation of volatile phase and ultra-refractory components [8]. On the other hand, the injection of isotopically anomalous materials from a nearby core-collapse supernova (ccSN) and subsequent aerodynamic sorting of grains in different sizes can be an alternative possibility to cause planetary scale isotope heterogeneity [9].
Ytterbium is an intriguing element which would provide a strong constraint on the origin of planetary scale isotope anomalies in the Solar System. The T50% for Yb (1487 K) is lower than those of the other heavy-REEs (1659 K) and is comparable to that of Sr. Therefore, the thermal processing would lead to heterogeneous Yb isotope distribution in the Solar System, whereas the injection of a nearby ccSN would not generate r-nuclides of Yb. Here we report preliminary results on Yb isotope compositions in one ordinary chondrite (Olivenza, LL5) and one rumuruti chondrite (NWA 753, R3.9).
The Yb isotope ratios for meteorite samples are reported as µYb notations which represent the parts par 106 deviations from the terrestrial isotope ratios. The ordinary and rumuruti chondrites possess large negative anomalies for µ168Yb (–2500 ppm on average) and µ170Yb (–130 ppm on average) exceeding analytical uncertainties of the standard material, whereas the µ171Yb, µ173Yb, and µ176Yb values are indistinguishable from the terrestrial component. The patterns of µYb for the chondrites are not consistent with that representing the deficit of s-process nuclides relative to the terrestrial component. Therefore, the negative anomalies in in µ68Yb and µ170Yb are attributed either to the deficit of p-process nuclides relative to the terrestrial component, or to the analytical artifact due to the overcorrection of interferences from 168Er and 170Er. By contrast, the absence of anomalies for µ171Yb, µ173Yb, and µ176Yb is consistent with the marginal isotope anomalies in ordinary chondrites for Mo and Ru isotopes synthesized by the s- and r-processes, which are significantly smaller than those observed in carbonaceous chondrites and iron meteorites [3-4].
References: [1] Trinquier, A. et al. (2009) Science 324, 374. [2] Yokoyama, T. et al. (2015) EPSL 416, 46. [3] Burkhardt, C. et al. (2011) EPSL 312, 390. [4] Fischer-Gödde, M. et al. (2015) GCA 168, 151. [5] Akram, W. et al. (2013) ApJ 777, 169. [6] Yokoyama, T. et al. (2010) EPSL 291, 48. [7] Burkhardt, C. et al. (2012) EPSL 357–358, 298. [8] Yokoyama, T. and Walker, R.J. (2016) RiMG 81, 107. [9] Dauphas, N. et al. (2010) ApJ 720, 1577.